Welcome to free paper download website

Economic other

You are here: Home > Economics > Economic other > content

Role of the government in the regional innovation network.

Author: ZhangZhengYu LiuYang LiHaiHu From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-07-07 18:18:20 Read:
[Keywords] high-tech industrial cluster regional innovation network the government
[Abstract] regional innovation network refers to a certain geographical range, core, innovation system, open to diversified lateral ties on innovation. Is an important form of modern high-tech industry cluster.From the foreign experience. During the formation and development process of regional innovation network in the government for its system construction, the flow of information, new knowledge, cultivate enterprise reengineering embeddedness plays a very important role.
, the regional innovation network and its characteristics
Regional innovation network refers to a certain geographical range, core, innovation system, open to diversified lateral ties to innovation.Regional innovation network in the narrow sense refers to enterprises because of the need for innovation, long-lasting and stable relations selectively with other enterprises or institutions to form strategic alliances, joint ventures, such as customers, suppliers and the vertical contact etc..Regional innovation network generalized then also contains because of informal communication and contact between the enterprise and between enterprises and institutions in the long-term transaction occurs, these relations are relatively stable.Only through the regional innovation network, to achieve the combination of technical knowledge, make the new technology into the community.
In the innovation process, behavior subject of regional innovation networks including high-tech enterprise, University and research institutes, government, the various intermediaries, the actors are related, not the same functions and innovation resources and innovation, flow of the participants in the regional innovation networks, including capital, technology, talent, information etc..Within the network, each participant in the principle of equality and mutual benefit between the free exchange, communication has a formal, such as contract, business negotiation, to participate in various exhibitions and seminars will be; there are informal, such as personal communication between entrepreneurs, not a regular party.The exchange is a diversified, multi-level, multi-channel and extensive.There are communication between each unit in the network, the network provides a more broad learning interface than the hierarchical organization.At the same time, the network is dynamic, the network's openness, permeability of the double advantage than the hierarchical organization is more flexible, more stable than the market organization.From the successful experience of the United States Silicon Valley, regional innovation network has two obvious characteristics: one is the local enterprises strong links; two is the enterprises in the region has a "root", which is deeply rooted in the local social culture."Embeddedness" refers to the innovation within the region, an industry association of interdependence and common industry culture is easily formed between each economic body, and created a set of common with the industry standard.In this set of norms of behavior guidance, there is mutual trust and communication, thus accelerating the diffusion of new ideas, new ideas, information and innovation, saving transaction costs organization of industrial group."The root" and is considered to be the source of industrial cluster system advantage, it on high and new technology enterprise cluster development is extremely important.
Innovation is the technical, economic and social complex, synergistic effect between different enterprises need high-tech enterprises cluster development, networking.High-tech products are becoming more and more complex needs of industrial fusion, knowledge and information between regional innovation actors smooth, rapid flow, promote the accumulation of knowledge and diffuse, enterprises must establish strong links.At the same time, using the network between the original and the sharing of information resources, to carry out innovation activities.
two, government in the area of a role in the formation of network
The government is one of the behavior subject of innovation network, plays an important role in fostering regional innovation network.Regional innovation network success not only in the region of high and new technology enterprise cluster development, and regional innovation system in innovation center as the source, through the passage of the gradient and anti-gradient innovation, diffusion from the core to the surrounding area, thus completing the regional innovation system of spatial agglomeration, also have an important impact on the surrounding areas and even national economy.The national, local and regional governments at all levels will form on the regional innovation network function, which mainly play the role of the national macro, local and regional governments are in a sense plays a more microcosmic effect.
1, the government provides system framework for the development of the regional innovation network.The formation and development of regional innovation network is a long-term process of system innovation, the government as an important innovation of the supply, can provide a development framework for the.
Western economists very early on the relationship between technology development and institutional change of in-depth research.Kos put forward the question of price system as the core of the new classical school, he thinks the price system, the system structure of enterprise legal system, government organization system and the social culture system of production, has very important significance for economic operation, the core system structure of its production is to define and protect property.The so-called property, is refers to a society of the enforcement of the choice of an economic product use rights.Through the definition of property rights can determine all relations between people and innovation, make it become a kind of important incentive system of innovation.
Obviously, the development of high-tech industry is a process of innovation, full of transaction behavior of different economic subjects in this process.Therefore, the smooth development of high-tech industry should first establish a property right transaction structure clear and norms, reasonable, simple rules for market transactions.High and new technology as a commodity, but the market can not provide the corresponding system arrangement, only the government can use its authority and compulsion to act as the provider of system.Note that, in the development of the high-tech industry, the government behavior has a core principle, that is the government in the market failure "activity" to play the role of.The market is evolving, with the development of technology and the improvement of productivity, the degree of market development and market failure in the development, so the government intervention and should continue to be adjusted.And the market and government as two competing system, compares the mutual substitution is decided by the two operation efficiency and operation cost, which is a dynamic process of development, especially in the high-tech industry area.
2, the government can provide a platform for the promotion of information, knowledge flow and knowledge reengineering.To promote the formation of regional innovation network, the government through the promotion of information, the flow of knowledge and new knowledge creation, relying on market forces, the innovation efficiency of cultivating the independent innovation enterprises in the region and the ability of enterprises in the region to improve, enhance exchanges and cooperation between the enterprise technology innovation inherent power and strengthen enterprise.The government may organize special training, make technical knowledge of precipitation in the tissues of spread, for enterprises to provide a variety of learning opportunities (fairs, technical seminars); enterprise carries on the imitation practice channels, such as consulting experts, to promote technical staff to communicate; provide support development of new technology for enterprise in the experiment, reduce the learning obstacles of enterprises; establish service center for enterprises with advanced technology; for local enterprises to improve competitiveness, provide special incentives to improve its working methods, standards and the environment.
3, the government is actively cultivate enterprises in the region of the "root" innovation conditions."Embeddedness" refers to the innovation within the region, an industry association of interdependence and common industry culture is easily formed between each economic body, and created a set of common with the industry standard.In this set of norms of behavior guidance, there is mutual trust and communication, thus accelerating the diffusion of new ideas, new ideas, information and innovation, saving transaction costs organization of industrial group.With the development of market competition intensifies and high-tech industries, between enterprises in the region for long-term development will have rooted sexual needs, the local government should fully recognize the other actors in demand, and to meet these conditions rooted; play a role of bridge and tie the cooperation process is formed on the subject of network among the various intermediate network organization; actively cultivating leading industries in the active node in network.

As shown in Figure 1, set up entrepreneur, technology and government officials of the interaction between organizations, information exchange network and the establishment of various places in the information industry, to promote the construction of five major intermediary platform: risk investment financing platform; the factors of production trading platform; business service platform; including legal, accounting, auditing, customs etc. the diversification of professional intermediary service platform; information service platform.The government mainly through the formulation of relevant laws, regulations and policies of the standard service behavior and maintain market competition is fair, to build a mutual equal competition open Sui, diversified service platform, leading many other institutions to join.
 1/2    1 2 Next Last
Please consciously abide by Internet-related policies and regulations.
Tips: Log in to comment, the user name to enter comments directly from your personal space, so that more friends to meet you.

Economic other latest papers

Sponsored Links

Economic other papers Ranking

Latest free papers

Sponsored Links

Top