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On the school-enterprise Knowledge Transfer positioning analysis

Author: XuShengHua LiaoShuMei From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-07-02 07:42:59 Read:
Paper Keywords: school-enterprise knowledge transfer independent innovation, regional innovation system research and development capabilities
Abstract: on the basis of the introduction of school-enterprise knowledge transfer activities and related academic research status quo, that of school-enterprise knowledge transfer activities in academic research imbalance is proposed to improve the capability of independent innovation-based school-enterprise Knowledge Transfer positioning, and analyzed three main issues, namely: the college knowledge transfer efficiency analysis, the use of school-enterprise knowledge transfer to improve the capability of independent innovation, and the role of school-enterprise knowledge transfer to build regional innovation system.
Introduction
The end of December 2006, the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report: China's competitiveness ranking fell from 48 in 2005 to 54 in 2006]. In the context of global economic integration, China has to rely on the path of industrialization economy has been rapid development, but relying solely on the relative cost advantage can not maintain the competitiveness and high growth rates, improve enterprise technology and innovative ability is considered to be developing countries a key factor in economic development.
Etzkowitz "entrepreneurial university" was first proposed in 1983. In the subsequent 20 years, the national universities gradually became aware of their duties must complete the creation and dissemination of knowledge through research and teaching activities, extending to the direct contact with local businesses. On the one hand, the competitive pressure in the knowledge-based economy requires companies to constant innovation; On the other hand, declining government funding forcing schools to seek funding sources. Therefore, colleges and universities in response to corporate core knowledge requirements to provide cutting-edge enterprises with various external knowledge holders in close contact, resulting in the transfer of knowledge between universities and enterprises more and more frequent, and the emergence of a variety of transfer pathways, such as patent licensing, cooperative R & D University Science and Technology Park, as well as colleges and universities ups / derivative 77. At the same time, the international academic community has set off a boom of the university enterprise knowledge / technology transfer research.
In this paper, on the basis of analysis of school-enterprise knowledge transfer activities and related academic research status quo, pointing out that the current of school-enterprise knowledge transfer in the activities related academic research imbalance is proposed based on the improve capability of independent innovation of school-enterprise knowledge transfer research positioning and analysis of the three main issues, namely: the university knowledge transfer efficiency, the use of school-enterprise knowledge transfer to improve the capability of independent innovation, and through the transfer of knowledge between schools and enterprises build regional innovation system.
1 of school-enterprise knowledge transfer activities and research position
Explained both from industry and academia of school-enterprise knowledge transfer conditions:
1.1 of school-enterprise knowledge / technology transfer activities situation
At present, China's colleges and universities under the guidance of the government and enterprises to establish various forms of knowledge transfer approach, school-enterprise knowledge / technology transfer activities frequently than ever before. Nine existing National Technology Transfer Center, National University Science Park 50, 53 national high-tech zones, national science and technology business incubator 135. In addition, more than 80% of the state-owned large and medium-sized enterprises (groups) of various forms of cooperation with universities and research institutions.

Colleges and universities for the funding of R & D activities in 2005 was 24.23 billion yuan, an increase of 41.4 billion yuan over the previous year. 13.31 billion yuan from the government, 8.89 billion yuan from 1.63 billion yuan from other institutions, 400 million yuan from abroad. The funds from the government and enterprises, respectively, year-on-year increase of 24.3 billion yuan and 14.4 billion from the highest growth rate. In 2005, the technology transfer contract signed by the institutions of higher learning in the technology market for 42,000, 02,800 more than in 2004, the contract turnover amounted to 12.26 billion yuan, 600 million yuan more than in 2004, of which 68% of the transfer of technology by the class enterprises to purchase.
In 2005, the University Science Park companies engaged in basic research, applied research and experimental development results achieved in 1998. In enterprises apply for patent of 3213, 729 more than last year, a year-on-year increase of 29.4%; invention patent application 1211, 495 more than last year. Granted patent 1 936 760, which authorized invention patents, 412 more than last year.
1.2 of school-enterprise knowledge transfer research status
Of school-enterprise knowledge / technology transfer activities, academia its research work done is relatively weak, the main results are: the chapter light that university technology transfer is a dual process, that is, state of technical knowledge to show the transformation process, the technology embedded in state stripping and reconstruction process; analysis of the structure, function and power of the network system, the university technology transfer into university-led, enterprise-led, government-led three forms . Li Wenbo from the macro level analysis of the factors influencing the efficiency of our universities and research institutes, technology transfer, including national policies, national economic environment, research institutions, the characteristics of enterprises and technology transfer intermediaries. Ye Guilin Yichuan contrast University of China and the United States, the mode of operation of the technology transfer centers, technology transfer and commercialization of technology theory, the ideal mode of operation of a technology transfer center. Wang Xiaoping, studied the derivative business model of university technology transfer, and the development and transformation of the Chinese University of Science and Technology Industrial constructive comments. CHEN Anguo 1.137 proposal of building a research university technology transfer mode with Chinese characteristics, and made recommendations on the institutional guarantee. The
lack of analysis of the two schools and enterprises in China Knowledge Transfer
By analysis of school-enterprise knowledge transfer activities and related research found that of school-enterprise knowledge transfer in activities related academic research imbalance. This will inevitably lead to the loss of the one hand, China's Scientific and Technological Achievements serious, a lot of knowledge assets can not be "active", the patent rate lower than the national average; On the other hand the lack of internal R & D capabilities, in cooperation with colleges and universities only can act as passive recipients of technology, rather than active participants.
Visible, schools and enterprises in China Knowledge Transfer positioning is not clear, specific performance in the following areas: 1 Most universities and technology transfer research is still stuck in a simple descriptive level, models and empirical less analysis, the lack of systematic and thematic studies; the knowledge transfer theoretical research more to stay within the organization and between organizations (especially enterprise strategic alliances), and the little school-enterprise knowledge transfer characteristics and theoretical research and fewer schools and enterprises to improve the capability of independent innovation theory of knowledge transfer research-based domestic research almost no; (3) of school-enterprise knowledge transfer research between universities and enterprises, research institutes excluded; (4) knowledge of school-enterprise metastasis of standardized descriptive analysis, few empirical studies, especially of school-enterprise knowledge transfer almost no empirical work to improve the capability of independent innovation.
3 Transfer of school-enterprise knowledge to improve the capability of independent innovation positioning
China's "national" Eleventh Five-Year "development plan" and "national long-term science and technology development plan (2006-2020)" pointed out: the Chinese characteristics of the national innovation system is the construction of business as the mainstay of technological innovation system, the construction of a combination of knowledge innovation system of universities and research institutes.

Developing countries to build a national innovation system to adopt two strategies (1) vigorously the introduction of foreign-funded enterprises in the innovation system, the promotion of knowledge and technological progress; (2) to support universities and research institutes to improve their technical requirements for regional response capabilities to enhance their knowledge resources and capability of independent innovation. However, a common problem in developing countries (such as the limited absorptive capacity, inefficient domestic policy and innovation system discontinuities, etc.) become the main obstacle to take the former strategy, to explore their own knowledge production through the latter become international (especially developing countries) RIS building a hot topic. At the same time, universities and research institutes have been considered important source of knowledge of the national innovation system and enterprise innovation process key partners.
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