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On the theory of regional innovation system

Author: SangZuoZuo From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-07-01 23:46:32 Read:
Keywords:   the concept of regional innovation system;   structure definition; mechanism
Abstract: introduces a type of domestic and foreign scholars on the concept of regional innovation system in different ways and the regional innovation system, analyzes the elements of the new system of regional and basic structure, explain the main aspects of the operation mechanism of regional innovation system is a regional innovation system, the characteristics in the other system's innovation system difference.

The concept and connotation of the 1 regional innovation system
1.1 foreign scholars on the definition of the concept of regional innovation system in
Regional innovation system of English Regional Innovation expression of Systems (RIS).Cook of the Cardiff University in England (Philip Nicholas Cooke, 1992), first put forward the concept of "regional innovation system", he defines RIS as "mainly regional organization system composed of division of labor in geography and related production enterprises, research institutes and institutions of higher education, the system support and innovation".Sweden's Asheim and Isaksen (2002) think, regional innovation system is supported by the organization of regional cluster around the two main actors and their interactions.The first main actor is domain of industry cluster and its supporting industries; second main actors is the foundation of the system structure, including science and technology institutions, institutions of higher learning, technology intermediaries, occupation training organizations, industry associations, financial institutions, they have important support region innovation ability.Holland Utrecht University Jan G. Lambooy (2002) think, regional innovation system is composed of dynamic interaction of regional production of partners, the structure, the system can make the main body of the regional economy into full play and to extend its capabilities, they can also lead to those committed to the establishment of cognitive ability (such as learning, research etc.) and enterprise networks between governments and organizations.Canada's Doloreux (2002, 2003), the regional innovation system is a collection of private and public interests, formal institutions and other organizations interaction, its function is in accordance with the organizational and institutional arrangements and relationships to promote knowledge production, use and dissemination.
1.2 of the domestic scholars on the definition of the concept of regional innovation system
At present, there are many differences in domestic academic definition of regional innovation system, mainly in the following five aspects:
(1) of the regional innovation system of "regional" different understanding.Some scholars believe that economic region (Chen Hao, 2006; Li Hong, 2004), some scholars believe that the administrative area, more scholars believe that the technical area (Zhang Bin, 2004; Chen Dening, 2004; Fang Xuan, 2000); (2) the definition of regional innovation system in different angles.The majority of scholars from the elements of regional innovation system and the organizational structure to define, but there are also scholars from the running mode of the regional innovation system (Wen Xinmin, 2002), purpose (Chen Dening, 2004; Li Hong, 2004; Wang Zilong, 2003; Gu Xin, 2001) to define, and scholars are defined from the function and role of regional innovation system (June, 2007; Liang Kai 2005; Qiu Hong, 2002); (3) elements of regional innovation system recognize different.Is generally believed that the regional innovation system is composed of enterprise, University and scientific research institution, government, intermediary organization innovation (Feng Zhijun, 1999; Hu Zhijian, 1999), but the understanding of the subject is not a number (Leung, 2005; Zhou Yaqing, 2001; Zhang Bin, 2004); also has the view that elements of regional innovation system includes not only the main elements of different (institutional and organizational innovation), but also including non subject elements (innovation material conditions required) (Chen Hao, 2006; Li Hong, 2004; Liu Youjin, 2001), and other new elements (including the new combination of elements) (Feng Genyao, 2006; Qiu Hong, 2002); (4) the different understanding of the function of the regional innovation system.Is generally believed that the main function of RIS is to technological innovation (Zhou Yaqing, 2001; Wen Xinmin, 2002,), but there is also the view that the function of RIS includes knowledge innovation, knowledge diffusion and knowledge application (China Science and technology development strategy research group, 2001), and the view that the function of RIS should include institutional innovation (Leung, 2005); (5) the nature of the regional innovation system's understanding of different.Some people think that the regional innovation system is a technical system, composite system (Liu Youjin, Huang Lucheng, 2001), social system (Chen Guang, 1999; Pan Dejun, 2001), it is the nature of a system; some people think that the regional innovation system is the system, policy network (Chen Hao, 2006; Liu Youjin, 2001), system, organization network (China Science and technology development strategy research group, 2001; Fang Xuan, 2000), network system, mechanism (Liu unloading Lin, 2003; Pan Dejun, 2001), set (Hecheng Wang, Ning Xi, 2001), it is the nature of a relationship; others regional innovation system is a state space as a whole, it is a kind of space structure (Wen Xinmin, 2002).

2 regional innovation system of the type

Types of regional innovation system, foreign scholars have done some research from different angles.
Ashceim and Isakson (1997) according to the social embeddedness of the innovation system of regional innovation system is divided into the national innovation system and regional rooted in a particular area.Cooke (1998) from the "governance" (governance structure) and "business innovation" (business innovation) two key dimensions of the regional innovation system is divided into six types.Firstly, based on the governance structure, RIS can be divided into basic type (grassroots), network (Network) and control (dirigiste) type three; secondly, based on the business model, and RIS can be divided into the way (localist), interactive (Interactive) and global (globalist) three.Howell (1999) according to the geographical proximity and spatial agglomeration role in innovation, the regional innovation system is divided into two modes: one is from the regional innovation system belongs to the national innovation system from top to bottom; another kind is the regional innovation system from top to bottom with independent internal characteristics and internal connection.Isaksen (2001) by analyzing the regional barriers and resistance of innovation, the regional innovation system is divided into three categories: lack of organization, scattered and closed the regional innovation system.Cooke (2004) according to the technology transfer types, summarizes the regional innovation system in three categories: Grassroots class (grassroots type), network (network type), control group (dirigiste type).Doloreux (2005) based on the Braczyk, Cooke et al, the distinction between two kinds of regional innovation system: the new economic system, known as the "regional innovation system of entrepreneur" (ERIS); regional innovation system of traditional, known as the "system" of regional innovation system (IRIS).Asheim and Coenen (2005) according to the knowledge base of various industries and sectors of the economy described two kinds of regional innovation system and regional innovation system of knowledge: Based on the analysis of (the analytical knowledge base regional innovation system), and on the basis of comprehensive knowledge of regional innovation system (the synthetic knowledge base regional innovation system).The
China Academic Research on types of regional innovation system is relatively late, which is more representative of the views: "

Zhang Bin (2004) from the two dimensions of regional economic strength and technological strength, the RIS model is divided into four types: (1) the regional innovation system of value network; (2) the regional innovation system of enterprise dominant.(3) the regional innovation system in Colleges and Universities -- Research Institutions Oriented; (4) the regional innovation system of government leading type.Tu Chenglin (2005) in the regional innovation system research abroad type, from the dynamic angle can be summarized into market traction type, R & D drive type, government leading, focus on the diffusion type four;
On the comparison of different models of regional innovation system and reference, with forest background of the construction of national innovation system based on, selected four representative, effective regional innovation modes are compared, namely primitive innovation leading (Beijing model), comprehensive coordination type (Shanghai model), the enterprise main body dominant (Shenzhen model), government leading type (Suzhou model).Lin Yingxing (2006) are classified on the regional innovation system from two angles.First of all, on the basis of the regional advantage industry dimensions, the regional innovation system is divided into system of innovation, high technology industry region of traditional industries of regional innovation system and industrial mix type of regional innovation system; secondly, on the basis of allocation mechanism of innovation resources, the regional innovation system is divided into the government leading regional innovation system, the government and the market of the regional innovation system, market leading regional innovation system.Mao Yanhua (2007) on the basis of governance structure, social embeddedness, innovation subject, innovation environment and interaction of regional innovation system will be divided into three types, namely the territorially embedded regional innovation system, regional innovation system and regional network of national innovation system.
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