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On A Comparative Study of China's manufacturing industry regional innovation

Author: GuoZhiYi YangZuoZuo From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-07-01 20:03:08 Read:
Paper Keywords: regional manufacturing innovative model
Abstract: Dongguan, Suzhou, Wenzhou, for example, comparative analysis of the manufacturing sector regional innovation model, the results showed that: the proportion of domestic and foreign enterprises close to Suzhou manufacturing innovation environment for innovation and capital investment, innovation and talent, investment and innovation performance are better than Dongguan and Wenzhou manufacturing. China's manufacturing industry as soon as possible to take measures to improve the capability of independent innovation. Technical transformation.
In 2008, the domestic and international economic environment, a significant change in the financial crisis, China's economy is facing major challenges. Countries to strengthen and improve macroeconomic regulation under the new situation, and enhance the capability of independent innovation, and strive to build an innovative country is particularly urgent.
l China's manufacturing technology innovation basic situation
Manufacturing industry, in addition to all industries outside the mining industry, public supply (electricity, gas, water). Practice has proved that of the world's manufacturing industry, 60% -80% of the wealth of the industrialized countries is created by the manufacturing industry. China's manufacturing industry in total industrial output value accounts for a sizeable proportion. In 2006, the value added in the manufacturing sector accounted for 77.99 percent of the industrial added value; end of 2007, the number of registration statistics, the total number of manufacturing workers accounted for 80.35% of the industry.
Technically speaking, the development of the manufacturing sector there are two paths: (1) there is no technical advantage to take low-cost strategy, in the same competitive conditions. (2) core technology, the formation of certain technological monopoly. Many manufacturing enterprises in China does not have its own core technology, the only low-cost "factory". With the rising cost of labor, land and other factors of production, China's manufacturing industry rely on the development of strategies and models of low-cost competition facing many risks, witch need for technology transition. Only rely on innovation to sustained and healthy development of China's manufacturing industry.
First use of the term "innovation" by Schumpeter's Theory of Economic Development "(1912). "Innovation" is intended to refer to the first application of new technologies. It is not equivalent to a technical invention, but "to establish a new production function. Schumpeter, technological advances have three processes of technological inventions, technological innovation, technology diffusion.
Since the reform and opening up, the rate of technological progress on economic growth in the process of economic growth in China in 10.13% -48%. Although the contribution rate of technological progress on economic growth has been improving, but still far below the international advanced level. In the major Western countries, the contribution rate of technological progress is much higher than the contribution rate of capital growth and labor inputs, up to 75% or more.
The innovative access imitate innovation, cooperation and innovation and independent innovation. Imitate innovative and collaborative innovation is the only way for a country in the process of technological development, innovation, cooperation and innovation through imitation countries to achieve technological progress and technology accumulation. But imitative innovation, cooperation and innovation aim is to achieve independent innovation, with its own core technologies. Chinese manufacturing innovation has been to imitate innovation-based, supplemented by cooperation and innovation, and ultimately the independent innovation "as the goal. For the last 30 years, through the introduction, digestion, absorption initiatives, technological innovation of China's manufacturing industry has made considerable progress, but technological innovation capability is still quite weak, are generally limited to imitate innovative and collaborative innovation phase, the transformation of the entire manufacturing sector development, factor productivity to enhance the intensity of support is not enough. Manufacturing enterprises generally lack of core technology, the innovation system is not fully formed, and innovative mechanisms are far from perfect. The current global economic crisis caused by the U.S. financial crisis to China's manufacturing industry restructuring and development and technological innovation provides new opportunities for innovation in China's manufacturing industry as soon as possible steering original innovation, integrated innovation and in the imitation innovation on the basis of the re-innovation independent innovation track.
2 typical of the development of China's manufacturing industry and its innovative model
Three decades of reform and opening up, the fastest in the economic and social development of the eastern coastal areas, has appeared in the industrialization and modernization of three different development model - the Pearl River Delta Mode "and" Sunan model " "Wenzhou model". Dongguan, Suzhou and Wenzhou is China's industrialization and modernization, a typical representative of the development model, and our unique manufacturing base, different representatives of this stage of the development model of China's manufacturing industry. The same time, the manufacturing of the three cities in the respective GDP occupies a very important position, is a typical symbol of China as the "world factory".

2.1 Dongguan manufacturing
Dongguan is a typical representative of the Pearl River Delta mode. The Pearl River Delta mode is benefited from the large-scale introduction of the funds of the Hong Kong and other places, as the main export-oriented economic model to the development of foreign-funded enterprises and Sino-foreign joint ventures. Its salient features are: (1) location adjacent to Hong Kong is the mode to the basic premise of the existence and development. (2) Shenzhen as the leading regional polarization and the spreading effect is a fundamental driving force in this mode. (3) export-oriented and the development of export-oriented economy, the basic strategy of the model.
Geographical advantages adjacent to Hong Kong, Dongguan huge economic potential energy. Shenzhen, Dongguan development has three functions: (1) to accept the high economic potential energy funds, technology, management and other aspects of radiation and extended functionality. (2) to attract the low economic potential labor, part of the funds and technology and other elements of the polarization function. (3) rapidly extended to the Pearl River Delta region, the diffusion function. The three functions and effects interact in a relatively short period of time, created the "Pearl River Delta's economic miracle.
Dongguan seize the opportunities of international capital and the transfer of industries, and continuously improve the infrastructure environment, institutional environment and resources and the environment, and its export-oriented economic development model constantly to a new level. The beginning of reform and opening up, Dongguan, relying on the advantages of investing in Hong Kong, the use of the mainland's cheap labor and land, as well as national preferential policies of open coastal area, to accept the transfer of industry of the developed regions, began to enter the international division of labor system; late 1980s, the Taiwan computer makers collective into the acceleration of the industrialization of Dongguan. Dongguan has become an international processing and manufacturing base, is the world's largest desktop computer production base.
However, Dongguan manufacturing consumes a lot of resources, energy and labor for the support, its development model is a typical outside source drive, OEM, extension and expansion based development model. Dongguan's economic development is closely linked with the international market. In 2006, the dependence on foreign trade in 2007 were as high as 253.50%, 255.06%. According to statistics, Dongguan's export-oriented economy accounts for about 80% of the total industrial output value, accounting for more than 90% of the total exports of IT patents in the field of 85% from abroad, the dependence on technology outward up to 90%.
Capital, technology, and orders outside long, the production for OEM production, very few independent brands. Private enterprises are small and scattered, almost no large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises, foreign-funded enterprises is basically a production workshop, lack of R & D and innovation power production required basic core technology lies in the hands of foreign companies. Dongguan manufacturing innovation still stay in the introduction of innovative, imitate the innovation and the introduction imitate based on innovation.
With the rise in the price of time, labor, land and other factors of production, in particular, changes in market conditions, the model of development in Dongguan are facing than her area A serious challenge.
2.2 Suzhou manufacturing
Suzhou - a typical representative of the "Sunan model", is located in China's traditional economy is the most developed, the highest concentration of the city, traffic is the most developed Yangtze River Delta. The Sunan model in the development of township enterprises in rural areas and non-agricultural industries started salient features are: (1) rely on the "inward"-based economy started, the main driving force of economic growth from the intra-regional and domestic markets. (2) the development of township enterprises and non-agricultural industries, to promote rural industrialization and urbanization, and thus promote the region's rapid economic development, the development of township enterprises is the basis and premise of this mode. (3) of township enterprises from large and medium-sized cities industrial supporting and Shiyibuque of the start, and gradually promote the region's economic restructuring, upgrading and optimization. (4) the world's advanced level of industrial parks to attract domestic and foreign enterprises have settled down, so that the original "Sunan model" completely "reborn".
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