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On the regional innovation system theory of evolution and Commentary - in Gansu Province

Author: TianHui From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-06-30 15:26:25 Read:
Paper Keywords: innovative regional innovation system developed area
Abstract: This article is from the source of innovation, the summary of the concept of innovation, summed up the foreign and domestic and regional innovation systems of various scholars from different angles summarizes the theoretical perspectives of different innovation, operational mechanism and build mode. Gansu independent innovation status and problems when policies and recommendations, the government introduced the policy message of hope to provide some humble opinion.
A source of regional innovation system
The British scholar Cook ((Cooke P) is one of the scholars of the first to propose the concept of regional innovation system, the regional innovation system is defined as "businesses and other organizations via rooted institutional environment for the formation of interactive learning system is a new area of ??the world economic community and geologists, "industry cluster", "the rise of the region" economic theory and practice to develop it from the system, dynamic the point of view of the evolution of the system in the new area of ??science, culture, organizations and innovative research combined to explain the area the systematic innovation ability and potential as well as the requirements of the system, organization and other environmental conditions, the establishment of regional innovation, the organic link between the regional environmental and regional economic growth, formed a strong theoretical framework for analysis of regional innovation and regional economic development since the 1990s, mainly in urban and regional development planning professional experts and scholars involved in the development of cities and regions started to pay attention to the close relationship of the innovation system and regional development, management and national innovation system in the course of the study, in this case, the regional innovation system (RIS RegionalInnovation System), also translated as regional innovation system, as a concept is proposed.
Innovative conceptual overview
(DECD) "Technical Innovation and Statistical Manual of view, innovation is a very broad concept of innovation can happen in any sector of the economy. Therefore, it is possible to believe that the concept of "innovation" is not a purely economic or technical, but a broader meaning of the concept, that is "innovation" includes both technological innovation, innovation in production methods, but also economic the change of the system, social system changes in the morphology of the system, history, social characteristics. The European Union in 1995 "the innovative Green Paper)) said:" The innovation is in the field of economic and social production, absorption and application of new things, new ways to solve the problem, so to meet the needs of individuals and society as possible. innovation is not only an economic mechanism or process, or a social phenomenon.
3 different scholars from different angles, different concepts of regional innovation system representative
1) book edited in Cook, Bratsk and Hayden force the Greek ((1996), RIS concept discussed in more detail that the regional innovation system by the geographical division of labor between the associated production enterprises, research institutions and universities regional organization system, and this system support and generate innovative
2) Wei Ge (Wi11g, 1995) that the broad regional innovation system should include: (1) the production and supply of innovative products production enterprise group: educational institutions for training innovative talents; (3) innovation knowledge technology to produce research institutions on innovation activities; (4) financial constraints and support of policies and regulations, government agencies; (5) the financial, commercial and other innovative services.

3) Weikang Ning Regional Innovation System is an important part of the national innovation system, it is generally by enterprises, universities and research institutions involved in the development and diffusion of knowledge and technology by intermediaries intermediaries organic network system and the appropriate participation by the Government for the creation of reserves and transfer of knowledge, skills and new product interaction, their structures are the main innovation of innovation infrastructure, innovation, resources and the environment for innovation.
4) competitiveness and regional innovation system in a specific economic area, various innovation linked to the main elements of the institutions and organizations (innovation) non-principal elements (innovative material conditions required ) and coordination between the various elements of the systems and policies network.
5) the Luo Shougui and Zhen Feng believes that regional innovation network system, the system is composed of a certain area and the whole process of innovation related organizations, institutions and implementation conditions by social entities (government departments, enterprises, universities and research institutions, etc.) consisting of a social system. Regional innovation system includes not only the enterprises, research institutions and universities, including government departments; includes not only technological innovation, including organizational innovation, system innovation and management innovation.
4) Sweden ((1997, 2002) believes that regional innovation system by supporting tissues around the two main types of actors and their interaction regional clusters consisting of the first class of the main actors within the industry cluster and its support industrial companies; second main actors institutional infrastructure, including science and technology institutions, universities, technical intermediaries, vocational training organizations, industry associations, financial institutions, they have the ability to support regional innovation
In short, we can say that a variety of new activities that can improve the efficiency of resource allocation are innovative. Its concept contains a wide range of areas of both technical change, such as technological innovation, product innovation, process innovation; also involved in the field of non-technical changes, such as institutional innovation, policy innovation, organizational innovation, management innovation, market innovation and the concept of innovation. This is the summary of the theory of technological innovation and institutional innovation theory study on the innovative concept of the two branches of the innovation theory research.
Regional innovation system theory
Foreign scholars to study a lot of new ideas from different angles. 1980s Munro (H.Mixnro) combined with the new the innovation research about controversial issues on re-proposed on the basis of carrying out a comprehensive analysis of the launch of the new theory. Such as the innovative power source long-standing "demand-pull" and "technology push" debate, re-evaluation, the push-pull mode and track new ideas. Gwen (D.Gerwin) 1988 proposed innovative uncertainty is the prerequisite for the process of innovation theory; Brown (WB Brown), who in 1989 proposed innovation goals, innovation stage and decision-making input variables The sexual system analysis, Stoneman (P.Stoneman) technological change their economic mathematical analysis.
1990 Cardiff University Professor Cook (Cook) discussed earlier to the concept of regional innovation system, in 1996, he carried out a more comprehensive theoretical and empirical research that regional innovation system mainly by the geographical division of labor associated with production enterprises, research institutes and institutions of higher education, such as a regional organization system, and this system is to support and generate innovation.
Wei Ge ((W IIG) in 1995 to explore the concept of regional innovation system, the regional innovation system should include: the production and supply of innovative products production enterprise group; education training innovative talents institutions; innovative knowledge and technology to produce research institutions; financial constraints and support of policies and regulations of government agencies; financial, commercial and other innovative services institutions on innovation activities.
From different angles regional innovation theory. 1990 Cardiff University Professor Cook (Cook) discussed earlier to the concept of regional innovation system, in 1996, he carried out a more comprehensive theoretical and empirical research, that the regional innovation system by each other geographically the regional organization system of division of labor and the associated production enterprises, research institutes and institutions of higher education, and this system support and innovation.

Wei Ge (Wii project in 1995 to explore the concept of regional innovation system, regional innovation system should include: the production and supply of innovative products production enterprise group; educational institutions for training innovative talents; innovative knowledge and technology to produce research institutions; financial constraints and support of policies and regulations of government agencies; financial, commercial and other innovative services institutions on innovation activities.
There is a regional dimension angle from the innovation system analysis (1) innovation activities need a large number of highly qualified labor force, educational and research institutions and closely linked to the specific area, the region has this advantage than the other The region has a greater advantage (Todtling, 1992) (2) of industrial clusters are often concentrated Localization, which promotes networking between enterprises in the region, this link includes not only the trading of goods and services, but also not trade the interaction between each other, which has facilitated the sharing of relevant information and innovation (Storper, 1995) 0 (3) the link between knowledge providers and enterprises (such as university-industry linkages) are often geographical of work by the local labor market liquidity and face-to-face contact, which led to the development of high-tech in a given area. (4) regional innovation policy assumed a more positive and more important role. Many regional development concepts or innovative planning and technology policy, to be more active support for technology transfer and innovation activities, in such circumstances, some regions can learn faster than other areas.
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