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An Empirical Analysis on China's Regional Innovation System

Author: WangYang LiuLinLin From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-06-30 14:30:58 Read:
Paper Keywords: Regional Innovation innovation system data envelopment analysis
Abstract: Innovation is the theme of the contemporary economic development, regional long-term sustainable economic development. Innovation activities, there is a market failure and system failure two failure. In China, the market failure caused by imperfect due to the innovation environment; failure is due to the innovation network is not perfect, the link between the core elements of the innovation system is not tight result. This paper uses data envelopment analysis method proposed index system of regional innovation effectiveness analysis, according to O3 o4 years, the use of operations research software lingo of China's 31 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions of the effectiveness of regional innovation.
First, the Regional Innovation System Structure and Evaluation
Improve the regional innovation capability is increasingly becoming the regional economy to gain competitive advantage, to achieve rapid and healthy development of the decisive factors. In such a socio-economic context, the regional innovation system theory and empirical research has become a new area of ??Technological Innovation of China, the purpose is to make the regional technological innovation activities more efficient.
(A) the structure of Regional Innovation System
Regional Innovation System (RegionalInnovationSystem) in a certain geographical area, the introduction of a new regional economic development elements or new combination of these elements of regional economic system, to create a new, more effective resource allocation, implement new features, economic resources in the region and used more effectively, thereby enhancing regional innovation capacity, promote regional economic development, it is the organic unity of the main innovation and innovation environment in the regional innovation network. Which regional innovation main body including enterprises, universities and research institutions, intermediaries, and local government; regional innovation environment, including political and legal factors, economic factors, social and cultural factors, scientific and technical factors can be summarized regional innovative hardware environment and regional innovation soft environment. months aspects .
The structure of the regional innovation system is the regional innovation system is a combination of elements of the form or pattern of relationships. In the regional innovation system, at the center, there is interaction between enterprises and between enterprises and enterprises and other innovation activities between subjects. The relationship between them seems to be a net contact interaction between the main scientific and technological innovation in the network, but those interactions are where the regional innovation environment directly affect the environment for innovation is perfect The interaction of the contact area between the main well. Therefore, the regional innovation performance depends not only on the interaction between the main innovation, but also depends on the area in which they are able to provide a good environment for the interaction between them.
(B) the evaluation method of the Regional Innovation System
The role of the regional innovation system is reflected in its innovation activities on regional economic role in promoting innovative activities, investment in innovation is the most important factor. In the regional innovation system, innovation and investment is largely investment in science and technology, investment in science and technology is an important part of the regional innovation system is the premise of innovation activities, science and technology investment measure regional innovation system has an important contribution to the regional economy significance of this paper will use data envelopment analysis (DEA) method for empirical analysis.
A basic model of DEA CCR model, which uses the assumption of a fixed scale, the linear programming method to estimate the production frontier, and then measure the relative efficiency of each decision-making unit. Those who fall on the boundary of the decision-making unit (DMU) is an efficient DMU its efficiency value l; does not fall on the boundary of the decision-making unit (DMU) is inefficient DMU, ??the efficiency value between 0 and between 1. Equations of computational efficiency values ??for a particular decision-making unit, as follows:

Decision-making unit of the j-th input of type i in volume; j-th decision making unit volume of output in the output of the first r types; as a measure of type i input (right);
Second, the data envelopment analysis in China's regional innovation
(A) The index system established
Set of evaluation index system on the one hand the principle of fully reflect the objective facts; on the other hand have the same evaluation method combined analysis of this paper on China's environment for innovation and innovation networks, according to the connotation of the connotation of regional innovation and operational performance evaluation of the effectiveness of regional innovation definition, index system including input indicators, output indicators and decision-making unit, as shown in Table 1.

According to the principles selected by the the DEA decision-making unit, which requires the decision-making unit of the same type, if more decision-making unit, the same type reflected inadequate, can be according to certain characteristics is divided into several subsets, each subset of DMU better reflects the "same type", respectively, we can these several subsets, respectively Analysis of the DMU, ??then the analysis of the results, either independently or integrated re-analysis. China's 31 provinces and autonomous regions are divided into eight regions were DEA analysis.
China's eight major regions divided as follows: Northeast Regional northern coastal areas include: Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei and Shandong; eastern coastal areas include: Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang; southern coastal areas including: Guangdong, Fujian and I Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang; Hainan; the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, including Hunan, Anhui, Hubei and Jiangxi; the middle reaches of the Yellow River region, including: Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan and Inner Mongolia; Southwest China: Sichuan, Chongqing, Guangxi, Yunnan and Guizhou; Northwest region, including: Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, Tibet and Xinjiang.
(2) DEA evaluation results
In the collection of raw data, taking into account that there is a certain time delay between the input and output of the knowledge structure, is generally assumed that the delay time for two years. Considering statistical data accessibility and regional investment structure in China is relatively little change in the same five-year plan, etc. factors, knowledge activities Delay for one year, to measure innovation input indicators used 2003 data, measure of innovation output indicators used 2004 data (2), the text, select the "Science and Technology of China Statistical Yearbook 2003 and 2004 data, the following results were obtained after the calculation of the lingo software, as shown in Table 2.
, Analysis and assessment
(A) overall analysis of China's eight regional innovation performance
(1) It can be seen from the results in Table 2, the eight regions in China, Northeast China's Jilin, the northern coastal areas of Beijing and Hebei, the eastern coastal areas of Shanghai and Jiangsu, the southern coastal areas of Guangdong and Hainan, the Yangtze River middle reaches area of ??Hunan, Anhui and Hubei, the middle reaches of the Yellow River in Shanxi and Inner Mongolia, Qinghai, Ningxia, Tibet and Xinjiang of southwest China's Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou and the Northwest region in their respective regions belong to the DEA. This is in line with the current situation in China, such as the southern coastal areas of Guangzhou has many special economic zones, belong to the early development of the area, a higher degree of market-oriented, science and technology development mechanisms and the environment has become mature, made considerable knowledge structure performance. Eastern coastal areas of Shanghai and Zhejiang enterprises, research institutes are highly concentrated, while focusing with international standards, focusing on nurturing technology-innovative enterprises, so as to form an enterprise independent city technology development model of the dynamic mechanism. In the northern coastal areas compared to other areas of atmosphere, a large number of well-known institutions and enterprises, scientific and technological innovation and knowledge production system performance significantly.
(2) The results in Table 2 show in eight regions DEA Sigma A = 1, that is in the stage of constant returns to scale. To some extent that these areas have a strong knowledge of structural efficiency, a better environment for innovation and innovation networks. In accordance with the economics of production theory, the optimal production state should be in phase (the marginal product is less than the average yield of the marginal product is greater than 0) of a point of diminishing returns to scale of the production frontier surface. This also reflects the region to achieve a reasonable level of scale in China is still relatively small.
The northern coastal areas of Tianjin and Shandong, the eastern coastal areas of Jiangsu, the middle reaches of the Yangtze River region of Jiangxi, and the southwestern region of Guangxi Sigma
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