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Form the basis and support of the Cross-administration regional innovation system

Author: WangPeng From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-06-29 11:13:27 Read:
Keywords: the Cross-administration regional innovation system to form the basis of dynamic support
Abstract: the Cross-administration regional innovation system is composed of different administrative area is closely related to innovation, regional innovation system of a cross administrative division hierarchy structure interaction elements of innovation and innovation environment and the formation of the.The national innovation system, it is different from the general sense, the regional innovation system is different from the administrative region's construction.The Cross-administration regional innovation system is the inevitable choice of economic and social development and regional industrial division, its formation needs to have certain basis and condition, and need the support of the corresponding dynamic.
The Cross-administration regional innovation system is a cross administrative divisions and from subsystem belongs to the national innovation system. Its development level is directly related to the construction of national innovation system.However, the academic study of the regional innovation system, mostly to the regional administrative units, have less to break the boundaries of administrative divisions, there will be intrinsically linked to as a whole system of innovation across administrative regions.Report of the Seventeenth Party Congress explicitly put forward the "promoting coordinated regional development, guide the rational flow of factors of production across regions", "break through the boundaries of administrative divisions, the formation of strong power, tight economic circle and the economic belt" and "improve the capability of independent innovation, building an innovative country" and other goals, points out the direction for the China's regional development and innovation of science and technology, has important policy meanings and realistic significance to study the Cross-administration regional innovation system is the objective existence of the facts.In this paper, based on expounding the connotation of the Cross-administration regional innovation system, discusses the system form a support base and power, in order to make a theoretical discussion and policy to build the Cross-administration regional innovation system guidance, and make contributions to the construction of national innovation system.
l content of the Cross-administration regional innovation system
The Cross-administration regional innovation system is composed of different administrative area is closely related to local government, enterprises, universities, research institutions and multi-level structure across the administrative division of a intermediary organizations with innovation and interaction of unification of innovation environment and the formation of the regional innovation system.The national innovation system, it is different from the general sense, the regional innovation system is different from the administrative region's Construction: national innovation system is a macroscopic investigation technology innovation from the national level, to enhance the comprehensive competitiveness of the country through science and technology innovation interaction between the main domestic regional innovation system; the administrative region is from a province or a region's point of view, to improve regional innovation ability of the province or the area by local government, enterprises, universities, research institutions and intermediary organizations interaction".The Cross-administration regional innovation system is based on the regional innovation system, through a cross administrative coordination and organization, the different administrative regions have strong correlation factors of innovation through effective integration, an interaction network system, through the system to reduce the friction between the elements., reduce transaction costs, enhance innovation and vitality, and jointly promote the Cross-administration regional innovation activities and innovation capability.
The Cross-administration regional innovation system is a system combination, relates to the region and administrative region and a concept in general, regional refers to a region as a whole description, analysis, application management, plan or policy based on the aim to be considered, it can be divided into homogeneous or functional integration principle internal.The concept and the object of the study is closely related to the main area, geographical region, the economic region and administrative region and other types.Among them, geographical area is based on the geographic distribution characteristics to the division, reflect the diversity of regional development.Regional economy is the basis of economic development status and characteristics to the division, it is the combined operation of the regional distribution of economic power in certain geographical space within the scope of productivity.Administrative region belongs to administrative management category, is the national administrative management, in accordance with the law will be the domestic territory and regional management area residents have level management division and the formation of.Geographic area administrative area differs from the geographical scope, is also different from the regional economy from the point of view of the macroeconomic operation defined, similarity of unity and natural conditions, policy consistency of administrative management has its internal, reflect the national administrative power allocation and combination.
Administrative regions in the process of rapid development, formed by all kinds of connections between different administrative areas, and along with the adjustment of administrative divisions to form a new administrative area boundary.The administrative area boundary is more embodied in the administrative divisions of the results, can not be simply equated with the geographical boundary or economic zone boundary.The local government has the regulation and the economic development function, in the vertical subordinate administrative system in the region, the local government's economic behavior itself constitute a traction properties of part of the administrative region economy.However, administrative barriers formed by administrative division will be on regional economy a "rigid constraint", hindering the development of regional economy.This kind of "rigid" performance in the free flow of factors of production, limit caused by industrial isomorphism and repeated construction, led to the market segmentation and the bad competition.Therefore, to break the boundaries of administrative divisions. The problem of using market means to coordinate across administrative areas of economic, social and cultural benefits. Each administrative region is an effective way to improve their comprehensive competitiveness.
The Cross-administration regional innovation system is under the economic globalization and regional economic integration background, the administrative regional integration of resources, to achieve economic development from the administrative area to change the objective results across administrative regions.It is the local government to the central government's policy under the guidance of the spirit of mutual benefit, voluntary, Yangzhangbuduan, division of labor, improve the common principles, through the innovation activities and innovation across administrative regions, a multi-directional, across the administrative divisions of the close cooperation mode and innovation system.If the regional innovation system is a complex one in the administrative area of innovation and innovation main body interaction, promote each other, so the Cross-administration regional innovation system can be viewed as a combination of these complex across the administrative division.The same with the regional innovation system. The Cross-administration regional innovation system also includes the following organizations: related enterprises, relevant government departments and intermediary service institutions, universities and research institutions.
The Cross-administration regional innovation system in the deepening and detailing the specific administrative region, to manifest through the play to the role of local government, and only with the administrative authority of the local government. We have the ability to plan and promote the construction of innovation system in the administrative areas.Therefore, the local government is not only the Cross-administration regional innovation system important innovation main body, is the specific practice of the construction of the regional innovation system.Although the policy effect of local government is the administrative regional boundary, but it does not consider the Cross-administration regional innovation system is a closed system, because whether in theory or in practical industrial cluster phenomenon, can prove the Cross-administration regional innovation system is closed is not there is not going to work.
The formation of
2 the Cross-administration regional innovation system
The Cross-administration regional innovation system is the inevitable result of social division of labor and production technology of regional coordinated development, is the objective trend of the rapid development of market economy, the evolution of the specialization of regional economy and regional spatial structure, its formation needs to have certain basis and condition.
First of all, the natural, economic and social development status and characteristics are decisive prerequisites the Cross-administration regional innovation system.The comparative advantage of natural formed on the basis of known comparative advantage for static, it is supporting the Cross-administration regional innovation system important.Human activities can affect the given condition in quantity, but can not change its endowment pattern fundamentally.The economy is based on the dynamic comparative advantage of human economic activity created by the space, greater mobility, its distribution pattern is not fixed.In the economic and social development to a certain stage, the importance of the dynamic comparative advantage is more than the static comparative advantage, a key factor in deciding the administrative regional economic development level and the innovation ability.The social foundation includes the population status and social and cultural aspects, it is a cultural and institutional norms on the Cross-administration regional innovation system plays an important role.Don't balance the natural, economic and social development in the spatial distribution of economic activities, will inevitably lead to the different ways and content of each administrative region of the flow of production factors, relationship and formed a competition and complementary.The innovation cooperation between different administrative regions, in favor of complementary advantages, is the common needs of all sides, it is the effective approach to achieve common development.
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