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"Book of Changes" economic thinking of the social division of labor

Author: Anonymous From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-06-27 17:26:15 Read:
[Abstract] "Book of Changes" era, is the most dramatic era of social change in China after the human society in its original state. Primitive society is experienced in the development of human society a social system, it is from this point on, people began to use the tools of production. The emergence of production tools are the most important conditions of the social division of labor. As a result, it was able to observe the social understanding of nature. Primitive society the people's production tool is extremely simple, rough, or even stone tools, but the initial understanding of the formation of social improvement. "I Ching" Economic Thought of the social division of labor has important theoretical and practical significance.
[Key words] "Book of Changes"; wealth; social division of labor; instruments of labor
Labor to create wealth is the social basis of the social division of labor ideology of the "Book of Changes"

"Book of Changes" contains all kinds of ideas, we often traced back to the original form of society before the birth of the "Book of Changes". Hunting in the primitive life gradually occupied an important position. Improvement in the level of hunting development and production tools to improve its primitive organization has a close relationship. The primitive hunting activities in the long-term accumulation of experience, and created a variety of hunting methods. "Book of Changes Tuen Gua" cloud: "the deer with no fear, but into the forest; gentleman, not as good as homes, to go stingy" when people chase the deer in the mountains, if not in danger of charge of a Shanze to boot, can only be empty people boundless forests; gentleman should play it by ear, better to give up the chase. If you continue to chase before there will be sorrow regret. Of course, a lot of hunting, the ancients in addition to expulsion and hunt animals with sticks, stones, spears, but also the use of traps, snares capture the beast, or the beast forced on the cliff fall dead. In the form of hunting, generally rely on the collective forces rounded up, Tuen, was riding classes such as hunting difficult, not to rely on our strengths, but also a division of labor. Development in hunting, fishing gradually developed. The development of hunting and fishing, so that the living conditions of the primitive has undergone significant changes, increased food sources, to the Chief Meat food people eat plant foods. Meat contains important substances required by the human body's metabolism. And greatly shorten the time required to digest evolution, which makes primitive man to win more time, more materials and more energy in the lives of real people. "Book of Changes Ding Gua" "like speech," said: "Ding, as well. Sunda wood fire cooking also." Ancient society, Ding is a cooking appliance images. Burning wood into the fire, you can cook the food through the tripod. Engels argued that this change is an important sign of the human beyond the animal kingdom. He wrote: "The people in the formation farther away from the plant kingdom, he is beyond the higher the animal kingdom." Ding human society, the use of fire to cook food the most far-reaching tool, became ancient China most people a symbol of royal power.
Primitive observed in the production practice, when there will be friction or combat flint spark, there will be a flame when drilling in wood, sawn wood. See these phenomena to the invention and manufacture of tools to make fire, experienced a very long time. Primitive by friction, drill, saw, playing and other methods to make fire, in particular, the invention and use of friction and fire drill has extraordinary significance for the further development of the primitive society. "Book of Changes", said: "water is wet, dry fire". Water and fire in any case are extremely important to the progress of human society. Fire people's food evolved from raw food to cooked food, thus further reducing the digestive process in the human consumption of food, edible things at the same time more conducive to greatly enhance the health of the primitive; primitive fire to keep out the cold ability, and can be used as a light source; fire can be used to make the production of tools and weapons for the defense of the attacks of wild beasts; fire and eat cooked meat, also expanded the range of primitive activities and habitation, so that they can adapt a variety of climatic conditions, from hot, warm zone to migrate to the cold zone, so that the human footprints all over most parts of the Earth. All this shows that the ability of the primitive and natural struggle greatly enhanced. Engels on the discovery of fire and significance in the development of primitive society to give a high evaluation. He wrote: "There is no doubt that the purpose of a worldwide role in the liberation of friction fire, or more than the steam engine, the first people to dominate the forces of nature because of friction to light a fire, ultimately with the animal kingdom." Book of Changes "interpretation of the fire:" Ze fire, leather. "(" Book of Changes Ge Gua ") also told us that there is a fire on the earth, and promote the transformation of human society.
Thought the show in the "Book of Changes", war, and even promote the social division of labor. "Book of Changes' Gua" "like speech," said: "division, congregation; infidelity, is also to all the positive, can be the king of men, should be just in the line of insurance and Shun, in order to poison the world, China from the guitar, how blame carry "a good army, there is no clear division of labor is not. The right way and principles are well-maintained, they can protect their own country. If the clear division of labor, and respond to each other, even at risk can be saved the day. With such a clear division of labor management methods to control the world, people will surrender, natural will Ji Xiangshun the meaning, how can there be evil. In ancient societies, war-related invention was undoubtedly the bow and arrow, the invention of the bow and arrow, an important milestone in the development of the productive forces of the ancient society. Cultural history, many people also believe that the invention of the bow and arrow is a sign of the primitive society from the Paleolithic to the the friction Neolithic transition. The bow and arrow is a complex weapons, including bows, arrows, strings several parts, combine them together, need long-term accumulation of experience and more developed intelligence. Engels spoke highly of this invention, he said: bow and arrow for the savagery, as iron swords for barbarism and firearms for civilization, but the decisive weapon. "
The author of the "Book of Changes" to see the role of the division of social life. "Book of Changes Kun says:" gentleman yellow Tongli, is the highest in the body, in which the United States, and the smooth four occur in the career, beauty matter to it. "The ancients requirements in the social division of labor is a learned and wise status should be complicated things to sort things out, so that everyone in the society which is in the proper position, the virtues contribute to society, accessible in every corner of society, in order to develop their career, which reached the United States limit. The description of the ancients really beautiful, and very vivid. In ancient society, agriculture and animal husbandry separate people know "yellow through management, not simply from the natural finding a ready-made means of subsistence, but through their own activities to control the action, the production and reproduction of plants, not exactly "among the positive body, in which the United States"? emergence and development of agriculture and animal husbandry division of labor, so that people not only get a reliable source of subsistence, but also laid the foundation for the development of which is the "smooth four expenditure occur in the career United States matter to it. "Of course, the the ancients understanding of the social division of labor is shallow, dim.
For the society of the "Book of Changes" before, "Book of Changes" is described as very beautiful. "Sun and Moon Lai peaceful days, 100 Valley between soil, vegetation Korea, Shigeaki to Korea hand, is into the world in the hands of Mrs Lai Hang positive, so based on livestock cow Kyrgyzstan." ("Book of Changes from the diagram) the beauty of the sun and the moon hung high in the sky, Reattachment 100 Valley vegetation on the land is bright, up and down and Reattachment in the right way. It is possible to educate the world, there are good rules to promote prosperity in the world. Everyone has their own division of labor, at the appropriate location, prosper smoothly, the keeper of cows to make their own cattle industry grow, this could be described as auspicious. In fact, after the emergence of the "Book of Changes" before the social, agricultural and animal husbandry, the different tribes due to the different natural conditions of the active zone, and gradually developed into a tribal respectively specializing in agriculture and animal husbandry, which is human history times the social division of labor. This division of labor is both a result of the development of productive forces and performance, but also an important condition for the further development of the productive forces. Based on the development of the productive forces of human society, the division of labor, into the metal age, "I Ching Mei Gua" pointed out: "gold stick, Zhen Ji", which is tightly tethered on a metal brake stick to the right way to be auspicious. " The first human use of the metal is copper, bronze tripod. Due to the natural properties of the copper it is not widely used in the tool manufacturing. Was developed to use an alloy of copper and tin, also known as bronze. And then only after the development of the use of iron production tools. Cultural history of the extensive use of bronze period known as the Bronze Age, a period of extensive use of iron called the Iron Age. Such as "Ding Gua" said Yu Hyun-on, rigid section also. "The use of metal, to promote the progress of society.
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