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The Theoretical Study of of the international competitiveness of industry

Author: MaSuZhen From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-06-26 20:33:39 Read:
Abstract: In 80 years of the the 20th century,, the competitiveness of industries officially became a the object of the of theoretical research with economies in academia. Since then, the at home and abroad constantly have the experts and scholars added to the in the past in the theoretical research work of the in the field, the research results emerge in an endless stream, the the theory of the competitiveness of industries is is rich with each passing day. From the the traditional and modern two aspects,, In this paper, on the the the relevant the the the relevant theories of the international competitiveness of industry research do a review.
Keywords: theory of comparative advantage Diamond Model of the the competitiveness of industries

The the connotation of
of the the 1 industry the competitiveness of
Due to the the the diversification of of the the the main body of of the international competitiveness of resistance, the the the complexity of the and space of of the structure of the breadth of, the About the the the concept of of the international competitiveness of is still existence of the a a lot of of controversy, its connotation there are also different understanding and interpretation of. First, the national environmental said that, the main representative is Michael Porter, Professor of the the United States Harvard Business School,. He research from the the perspective of of industries and enterprises national competitiveness of us can not begin to problem, think that the national competitiveness depends on the the the competitive advantage of of the industries and enterprises, while the the the competitive advantage of of the industries and enterprises in turn depends on the national environmental. By him under historical research of the the hundreds of kinds of industry of the 10 countries the development of, be summarized out of the famous "Diamond System" with a view in order to analysis of national How to in specific areas establish a competitive advantage. The second is production the said of productive forces, representative figure of is the of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences workers by the the by the, to terminate your access to all Dr. Jin Bei, he to compete Impact on International Industrial masterpiece a detailed exposition without: in the the the under the conditions of of the free trade in the inter-international, the a lot of industry on one country,. With its relative to his country higher productive forces, to to provide to the the international market the interests of the of consumers or purchase persons a demand for more products, and sustained access to earnings the ability to. This definition in the domestic its implications are wide.
Of industry of 2 of the traditional the competitiveness of theoretical research
of the 2.1 the theory of an absolute advantage
This is the the proposed by by the British classical economist Smith in the the in the the its masterpiece, "of the research of the the the nature and causes of the national wealth" in 1776, he believes that per of a country has a suitable for the its production the absolute favorable conditions for of the some specific products, all countries are produce its own has an absolute advantage products to be exchanged with each other, then are have access to with each other the the the benefits of of the the absolute interests of.
2.2 theory of comparative advantage
Proposed by Ricardian theory of comparative advantage is in the the proposed by in the on the basis of of the Adam Smith's an absolute advantage the theory of, in the the the Ricardo's "Comparative Benefit Theory" in the, Ricardian are of the view that long as all countries exists between the the the relative difference between the of the production technically, there will be production costs and product the the relative difference of the the price of, so that the by States in the the time of different products on the has a comparative advantage. Even if a country function has been turned on by the on the the the production of of in the two kinds of products properly at a disadvantage position in, but the adverse the degree of between the two is somewhat a difference, under the-phase comparison there is always the the disadvantages of of the a kind of commodity you want to be a relatively small some of the, that is, has a comparative advantage. Ricardian has actually pointed out that the the the the difference between of the production technology is to affect the the the the factors that of the international competitiveness of industry, in the production technically is in the the the industrial of the the the most powerful status as of its goods that has a on the the in the international market competitiveness of.
The of the research of the international competitiveness of industry is in the recognition of existence of in the of all countries and inter-industry comparative advantage, but also admit the, under the focus analysis of in the comparative advantage on the are measured using the the premise of of the the the basic pattern of of the international industrial division of labor has a decisive influence the of the main factors of the of country-specific international competitiveness of industry, theory of comparative advantage include four the basic theory of: Comparative Cost Theory, resource endowments theory, the theory and dynamic Advantage Theory of trade-the new elements of. One of the most important thing is the the Ricardo's Comparative Cost Theory, its contents constitute a the the the laid the foundation stone of Stone of the theory of comparative advantage.
2.3 theory of competitive advantage
, Michael - Potter and the (Michael Porter), Harvard University,, the United States Professor is to study the the a representative figure of of the the contemporary international competitiveness of theory, He believes that that the, the such as theory of comparative advantage of the traditional economic theory, economies of scale theory are can not Description the the source of of the industrial competitiveness , because, a "in the the industrial competition in the factors of production to see not only it passes or is no longer to play a decisive the role of, its value is is also rapidly in the the subsided of, economies of scale theory has its it the importance of, but the theory does not to answer we care about the competitive advantage of problem". In turn, He pointed out that the: The must be used the theory of competitive advantage to explain the the problem of the the competitiveness of industries. Competitive advantage that are different from those of the comparative advantage, it is refers to to the demonstrated by the by the the the same industry of the various regions of of the various countries goods in the same under the the international competitive environment different the market competitiveness of. From the the in management studies. Point of view, he, proposed separately by the used to to explain the national competitiveness of the "Competitive Advantage of Nations model", used to interpretation of the the competitiveness of industries "5 of 5 kinds of competitive forces model", used to explain the the competitiveness of enterprises "value of theoretical point of view of the chain "analysis method, etc., forming a the the theoretical system of of the one that covers the the the international competitiveness of of the main body of the countries, industries, enterprises three style of competitive force.

Of the 2.4 resource endowments theory
This theory there is a that the Swedish economist E Linti out of the, He believes that that the the relative differences and elements of of the the Inter-resource endowments take advantage of the differences in the intensity is the the reasons for of the the the basis for with the international trade of the international division of labor generated. He also believes that that the the first condition is of the trade in to some commodities in a particular geographical region in than in the to all other region - be able to more cheaply production and out of of export commodities of the of a region contains a a large number of of is relatively cheaper than in other regions factors of production. The Doctrine of Comparative Advantage the further development of and perfect scholars are Heckscher and Olin. They founded the Factor Endowment Theory, The theory First of all based on the the factors of production used in by the different products different assumptions will products are divided into to the two types of: one category is the larger the labor-intensive products of for the share of of the the labor costs accounted for value of of the the product of the; and the other is to use the to the capital-intensive products more by the capital. In Secondly, the the The theory but also is given a a four of assumptions conditions: the production the the production function of the of the same product in different regions is the same; the same regional production the different from the the the technology used by the different products; in the the production of of different heart products in the the put into of the the of factors of production the product is relatively cost is bound to is also low, while the the less factors of production by the supply the amount of, the relative higher prices. Intensive use of the the the product is relatively of the this elements of the cost is bound to was also high. Therefore, the the the wealthiest countries, highly capitalized commercial has a the the comparative advantages of of the production capital-intensive products, countries with resource-rich labor has a the the comparative advantages of in the production of labor-intensive products. In the the the case of free trade, the the the the result of competition of the market is the to to achieve the best international division of labor. The price of the product and the factor prices in the world States to tends to be unified (the the the equalization of of of the factor prices). To Gradually formed its own competitive industries by the the various countries in the the the international division of labor.
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