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On the reform and perfection of personnel training system, speed up the exploration and Thinking on China's scientific and technological innovation

Author: PengQingTai From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-06-25 05:26:51 Read:
Abstract: Based on the analysis of China's economy, science and technology, personnel training present situation and historical origin; summarizes the leading role in the rise of great powers, the world science and technology innovation, successful experience of international famous brand university personnel training, fruitful, exploratory put forward "reform, perfecting the training system, the overall idea of accelerating technology innovation".1, the creation of "innovation" school; 2, founder of "University", and use the successful experience of international first-class university in China universities; 3, reform, perfect the college entrance examination system, education should focus on "the cultivation of innovative consciousness and innovative ability.".4, ensure the security researchers minimum living.5, improve the "department, teach" tax proportion; create "section, teach" lottery.And the system guarantee "to speed up scientific and technological innovation, personnel training".
Keywords: School of creative talents; University of science and technology in particular; lottery; minimum
One, current situation of China's economic, science and technology and the gap between China and advanced countries
Our country after thirty years of reform and opening up, the national economy has achieved great-leap-forward development.In 2008, China's gross national product 30 trillion trillion, finance income 6.13.In the United States after the GDP, Japan, and ranked third in the world, into the world economy.
In 2008, 6070000 students, 20210000 students in our college, graduates 5590000, award doctoral degrees and more than 5 people.Higher education gross enrollment rate reached 23.3%, marking China's higher education has entered the stage of popular education.
Two bombs and one satellite, manned spaceflight, Continental hydrocarbon generation theory, hybrid rice, symbolizes the great achievements in the field of science and technology.
However, in these great achievements at the same time, we also should see soberly, "made in China", the overall level is still at the lower end of the international industrial chain, high performance materials, core components and major equipment is still heavily dependent on imports, the key technology is still heteronomy.
In a rigorous, the authority of the British "times" the selection of the 2009 year, the best global university rankings, the top 15 are from the United States, Britain occupied, Harvard University ranked first for 6 consecutive years.Before 30, Asia: University of Tokyo 22, University of Hong Kong 24, National University of Singapore 30.On the other, Hong Kong University Science & Technology 35, Chinese University Hong Kong 46.Seoul National University 47.Known as China's top university of Tsinghua University, Peking University School for only 49 and 52.
Nobel Prize, is the world's highest science and technology award, but China has no one suffered this award.Since the prize since it was established in 1901, 816 people have been awarded.Among them, most Americans, a total of 309 people.There are 8 Chinese scientists have won the award, but unfortunately, none of them is the China nationality.
Why the United States won the Nobel prize up, mainly: the United States in promoting innovation, take a very fruitful measures, such as, always pay attention to basic research, create corresponding innovation environment, research on abundant funds, research condition is superior, attract and condenses the world excellent talents.
The birth of the first industrial revolution in Britain, originated from Germany, the United States and other countries in Europe and America the second revolution of science and technology, and produced in the United States, the atomic energy, network, informatization as the third revolution of science and technology......For all these achievements in scientific and technological innovation, every country has taken a series of measures to protect, rewards, and make it a system, to encourage all staff enthusiasm for innovation, encourage people to advocate science, love science, innovation.
In today's world, the United States of America, the R & D investment, increased to 3% of gross national product of the highest level in history; the European Union announced, to 2013, investment of 105000000000 euros, for scientific research; Japan in recent years, investment in scientific research, has been maintained and claimed in the above, 3% of gross national product, in the in twenty-first Century 50 years ago, have won 30 Nobel prize.
Two, about the reform, improve the training system in China to speed up the talent, explore the thinking of China's science and technology innovation
(a) a brief review of the history of
The history of modern China Chapter, history tells us, in 1840 after the Opium War, the Western powers gunboats opened China's "Seclusion" gate.After the door was opened, decadent and declining of the Qing Dynasty, is still not awake, aware and the world a big gap between the advanced countries and the root, still be overbearing, No.At the same time, also in the domestic trouble and foreign invasion situation and "Qing Dynasty" is very similar, in 1854 by the Japan open, because from top to bottom, from the inside to the outside, a series of comprehensive, thorough reform, namely the "Meiji Restoration", the rapid rise, and launched a war of aggression against China, the Pacific war.Aggression, occupation of China for 8 years, to the Chinese people created the extremely serious disaster.Backward, will be beaten! This is history to our warnings.
30 years after the founding of new China, the first 1957 "rightist"; then, was started in 1966, and up to 10 years of the "Cultural Revolution", which caused unprecedented havoc and disaster also to the Chinese people, the result is: the national economy is almost collapse edge, I long-term in a poor and backward state.But at the same time the world, is a period of great development of science and technology innovation, fruitful.
(two) to explore the thinking of establishing "innovation" school
After thirty years of reform and opening up, China's economy in the development by leaps and bounds, urgent need from extensive type to science and technology, with high added value to the change from low added value, and to achieve this strategic shift, is inseparable from the scientific and technological innovation, technology innovation, must have the innovation talented person.
However, the current our country still exist on how to select talent, talent development.Our college entrance examination system, but also for our children not partial section, otherwise, you will not enter the ideal university.And this age it is a personal interest cultivation stage, so, in your parents, school, society and future employment pressure, you can go to the "comprehensive development", and some aspects of talents is likely to be buried.
Masukawa Minying of Japan, their level of English is poor, but he is the 2008 Nobel physics winners, he did not because of poor English level and the influence of his outstanding contribution in this regard.Jackie Chan is a world-famous film star, but if you insist on his achievement in the number, aspect, not only the mathematical aspects of his lack of development, I am afraid movie star Tiara will also with him no chance......
China is a sports power in the world, many athletes won Olympic gold medal, won the honor for the country.So it has been such a huge success, because China has a set of more perfect, from small to large selection, training, incentive mechanism.Our sports training network, covering the earth all the city, township, established a primary school, junior and senior high school, University; national, province, city, gradually, gradually upgrade, selection, selection of different levels of training system.Some athletes, began to receive training from a few years old, their goal, is to make progress in this regard, achievement.But if the "comprehensive development" standard to train, I'm afraid they will be without any success.Conversely, when the excellent talents into full play. At the same time, it will promote the improvement of individual comprehensive quality.
1 personnel training, to grab from baby.In the implementation of the comprehensive development of quality education, while the vast majority of people, on some aspects of talents, talents, like sports should be established as the selection, training system, training, to enable them to certain aspects of the outstanding talent to play, and achievement.
2 such schools can be named as "innovation" school (or called "special talent", "professional" school).Either from the first grade to learn, but also slightly larger set up, until high school, then go to university or research stage.
3 the number of the school setting: A, can the province as a unit or several provinces as regional unit.The number of students, the one to several or more.Two, if the student quantity is too small, can learn professional, full-time teachers, separate classes, professional teaching, has certain independence, belonging to different primary, high school culture.
4 university should set professional disciplines such.
In short, is to learn, to support the talents of the practice, also can learn from China's successful experience of selecting and training, sports talents, establish the system and mechanism of the cultivation of innovative talents.
(three) the founder of "special university" and make the world a
Exploration on current university
1, the international first-class university the inspiration from the success of
Founded in 1209, University of Cambridge, received a total of 83 Nobel Prize, awarded the first university in the world.Known as the founder of the modern university Humboldt University, founded in 1828, the school was the first in the history of mankind, the first laboratory research institute, the first graduate school and guidance system, and obtained 29 Nobel prize.For 6 consecutive years, "the times" was selected as one of best global university rankings Harvard University in America, founded in 1636, the school from the follow Britain, Germany, to the original new system, produced a total of 8 presidents of the United States, 40 Nobel Prize winner.The United States Massachusetts Institute of Technology, founded in 1861, in the "times" 2009, the best global university rankings, ranked second, to 2009, ranked first for 17 consecutive years in the United States Polytechnic University,, and obtained 75 Nobel prize.The United States of America's Princeton University, has produced 2 presidents, 4 governors and 33 Nobel Prize winner.With cutting-edge technology, elite and world famous "Silicon Valley", the United States is born because of the Stanford University incubation incubation.To summarize the international first-class university experience, basic can be summarized as: A, ample funds (whether it is national investment or social groups, individual donations); two, be of noble character and high prestige, special organization, leadership of principals, out of a road of innovation for university development; three, there are a number of master research team, loose, free atmosphere of academic environment; four, preferential treatment and excellent research conditions; five, batch after batch of gifted students; six, in particular, never stop innovation and enterprising spirit.
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