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Restricting factors and Countermeasures of agricultural information service in the construction of ecological civilization

Author: ShaoHongLing LuXiuRu YangWei From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-06-24 20:38:59 Read:
Keywords: the     of agricultural informatization; ecological civilization; restricting factors
Abstract: rural ecological civilization construction is an important part of the construction of ecological civilization in China, the use of agricultural informationization in the construction of ecological civilization is one of the limiting factors of effective ways to promote the construction of ecological civilization in rural areas of agricultural information service in the construction of rural ecological civilization. The corresponding countermeasures are put forward from the aspects of laws and regulations, education and publicity, accelerating agricultural the process of information technology and researching model village, to facilitate agricultural informationization to better serve the countryside ecological civilization construction
Ecological civilization is to realize the sustainable development of economy, society and natural environment in a civilized form of rural ecological civilization construction is an important part of the construction of ecological civilization in China. With the agricultural informatization of interdependence, mutual development.Agricultural informatization is the inevitable direction of agricultural development. Its service to the construction of ecological civilization is one of the effective ways to promote the rural ecological civilization construction of agricultural information service in the countryside ecological civilization construction and puts forward some corresponding countermeasures. It is urgent to solve the problem
Restricting factors in the construction of rural ecological civilization 1 agricultural information service
The 1.1 mechanism and system control
The mechanism, at present, China's economy is still underdeveloped stage. The market mechanism and the system is not perfect. The existence of market behavior is not standardized, agricultural products processing is not high degree of standardization, market access supervision, information management system is not perfect wait for a problem, which restricts the construction of ecological civilization in the process system.Although our country in "the environment into the political, legal and economic structure. To do a lot of very fruitful work to make environmental protection system". But because the system itself loopholes, the construction of ecological civilization of this level and no constraints on the local government, enterprise and the public form effective.Environmental laws and regulations in China. Due to lack of provisions of existing permissions. Also can not fully protect the people's environmental rights and interests because of the economic profits beneficiaries -- corporate and environmental economy -- the general public and social force. Result in a weak public environmental rights and interests are often neglected and violated the law enforcement. Many local environmental protection funds have not been included in the government budget, basically relies on the sewage charges, resulting in a "more severe pollution, environmental protection and more rich" strange phenomenon.
1.2 main social control
1.2.1 social consciousness restricts the social subject awareness of the importance of the ecological environment and accelerate the construction of ecological civilization urgency is not sufficient, attach importance to economic growth, the coordinated development of economic, social, environmental neglect awareness of ecological civilization is the key to the construction of ecological civilization. It directly affect the attitude and behavior of people treat nature but from me in reality. This awareness has not formed a potential in the general population control as well as influenced by the education level of farmers and the quality of their own.They on the agricultural informatization in terms of technology, process, mode of cognition. The lack of agricultural information service in the construction of ecological civilization consciousness is weak
1.2.2 social behavior model restricts the hypothesis of social subject is the rational economic man. For the pursuit of utility maximization. The current utilization and protection of resources brought about by the marginal revenue is compared when the two are equivalent. The social main body the obtained maximum utility: such as the former than the latter. The social main consumer preference in current consumption. Will fully even excessive use of current self controlled resources. To maximize their utility and once in such a mode of production. The role of price, policy, market signals on social motivation will let in to "breaking bad use of resources to maximize utility".In the utility maximization driven. Social subject to excessive use of resources, is not conducive to the construction of ecological civilization. And the application of information technology management resources. It can greatly, efficient development and utilization of various resources.
1.2.3 rural talents restricts the rural ecological civilization construction cannot leave the compound talents with modern agricultural product knowledge, business knowledge, information network technology and the construction of ecological civilization knowledge. But at present rural area. Agricultural informatization and ecological civilization propaganda is not enough. Most farmers itself has no ability to use the network tool. Most relevant personnel and the unwilling to rural service, caused the lack of rural area of this kind of compound talents situation. Thus restricts the construction of ecological civilization
1.3 the ecological civilization construction of information platform to restrict agricultural informatization on the prosperity of the rural economy, increasing farmers' income, improving the rural environment, narrow the differences between urban and rural areas, the construction of ecological civilization is of great significance but rural informationization has the following. Hinders the agricultural information service in the construction of ecological civilization
1.3.1 rural information infrastructure construction imbalance in the level of China's agricultural information infrastructure of the unbalanced regional development problems in economically developed areas, information infrastructure construction of a high level.More complete facilities, network quality, but in the more remote mountain areas. The network quality is far better than plain area. Various network equipped with cable television network village near the town of fewer rural popularity is higher. The construction of rural information network and away from the towns to relatively backward
1_3.2 information acquisition costs higher information costs to slow down the speed information to farmers for farmers to purchase on the Internet Internet must pay the cost of Internet access equipment. This is not a small expenditure high information acquisition cost to a certain extent, restrict the rural area, the popularity of the Internet in the small scale. Peasant family. And hindered the development of agricultural informatization.
1.4 scale control
In the vast rural areas. The smaller enterprises considerable. In many production areas. The consumption per unit of output energy and raw materials. Both of them are much more than the average level of developed countries in the low utilization rate of resources.At the same time, the majority of rural households are scattered, and some local government awareness is weak. The utilization of agricultural wastes degree is not high. Pollution control difficult. Ecological civilization construction technology and cost requirements higher, promotion not free.Such as agricultural wastes energy level, fertilizer level, feed level and material level is not high. Under study and the research stage in many technology, implementation is narrow. Restricts the construction of ecological civilization in a certain extent.
1.5 environmental constraints
In recent years, various problems caused by the deterioration of the environment, restricted the sustainable development of economy and society, one of the important factors affecting social harmony and stability in rural ecological environment in recent years deteriorating. Our shoulders to feed 22% people the world with less than 10% of arable land. The burden of environmental pressure is very big.The rural ecological system is fragile, blind reclamation, deforestation and the destruction of vegetation and soil erosion phenomenon caused by the private mining of mineral resources is still serious.Declining farmland ecological quality, chemical fertilizer, pesticide residue and agricultural workers waste on water, soil pollution seriously affect the quality of agricultural and livestock products, harm to our survival and one of the reasons the development is relatively backward in our country ecology and the level of information technology, China's ecological and information technology development. Due to the influence of backward technology and science and technology concept. Compared with the developed countries there is still a gap, and has not been developed and applied widely in traditional idea ingrained, farmers in planting mode does not want to make big changes. Serious influence to promote new rural construction technology and rural ecological civilization.
2 Countermeasures of agricultural information service in the construction of ecological civilization in rural areas
Agricultural information to better serve the rural ecological civilization construction. Must be based on the rural areas. To serve the farmers, and to the sustainable development of Agriculture
2.1, establish and improve laws and regulations in the construction of ecological civilization.Actively build long-term mechanism
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