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On the landscape construction and the use of color

Author: WangFuLin From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-06-24 14:06:51 Read:
Abstract: nature because color embellishment is full of vigour, harmonious.Everything in the world because of its unique color and showing personality charm.People love to color is long-standing, since ancient times, in many vessels without decoration, but can't in color.With the development of society, people's material and spiritual civilization continue to improve, to color pursuit and application is more and more widely.The combination use of color in landscape design, changing the traditional mode of composition of the past, the modern landscape more rich and colorful and more has the flavor of the times.This paper discussed the application of color in the design of landscape architecture.
Keywords: landscape design; color; landscape design; landscape color
Nature because color adorn and appear full of vigour, harmonious.Everything in the world because of its unique color and showing personality charm.People love to color is long-standing, since ancient times, in many vessels without decoration, but can't in color.With the development of society, people's material and spiritual civilization continue to improve, to color pursuit and application is more and more widely.The combination use of color in landscape design, changing the traditional mode of composition of the past, the modern landscape more rich and colorful and more has the flavor of the times.This paper discussed the application of color in the design of landscape architecture.
One, the role of color
According to the research confirmed, color acts on people's eyes, people will not only produce the impression of various kinds of colors, will also produce mood and some other psychological effect.It is a psychological effect of this kind of color, we often think of red, orange is called warm, while the green, blue and other colors as cool.Because red, orange to give people a warm feeling, blue, cyan lets a person feel cold.
In people's living environment, the relation between color and mood is close, with the sensation of color can make the person produces a variety of emotions.The bright red color will arouse people's emotional excitement and ridiculed, and light color makes people produce the calm psychology.Research confirms, the bright red color can often evoke mood strongly bold, and dull color of mood calm and depressing effect.According to the reflection color and mood, people can be according to the needs of emotional colors, the color of the environment to make a choice.
Two, color landscape design in the application of
The world is a riot of colours, every space of human survival are full of brilliant color, color can decorate your life, beautify the environment, give a person a kind of beauty to enjoy, but also a reflection of social development and spiritual civilization.So as the landscape design and environmental art design for the application of color is very important.
2.1 the warm color department of landscape design in the application of
The warm color, long wavelength, high visibility, color and feel more jump, is more commonly used color general landscape design.Warm colors red, yellow, mainly refers to orange and adjacent color the color.Red, yellow, orange is a symbol of warm, cheerful, in the eyes of the people, for some more celebration scenes in landscape design.Such as square flower hall and main population and the environment, give a person the sense of full of youthful spirit.Warm colors in both sides of the highway and street cars take to avoid the use of large area, because red, yellow, orange high visibility, easy to disperse the attention of drivers and pedestrians, to increase the rate of accident.Warm color has psychological balance temperature effect, therefore is suitable for application in cold regions.
2.2 cool colors in the landscape design of the application of
Cool colors mainly refers to the green, blue and its neighboring color.As the cool wavelengths shorter, visibility is low, and retreat far feeling on the vision.In landscape design, environmental edge of some small space, can be used to cool or tend to cool the plant, far-reaching sense to increase the space.In the area of cool have contractive feeling, the same area of the color swatch, visually cool warm area smaller than feeling, in landscape design, to make cool and warm color get area with great feeling, we must make the cool area slightly larger than the warm.Cool color can give a person with quiet and solemn sense.For example: Nanjing Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum building roof mainly blue, from the entrance Shijiershang, far see blue and white building, with both sides of the dark green cedar, give a person a respectable solemn sense.In landscape design, especially floral mix, cool often with white and the right amount of warm color collocation, can produce bright, cheerful atmosphere.As in some of the larger square lawn, flower bed, some more applications.Cool has reduced temperature in a psychological sense, in the hot summer and warm south, the cool color can have a cool feeling to people.Application of
2.3 black and white and gold and silver color in landscape design
Gold and silver, black and white in the landscape design is applied in the environment of architecture, landscape, city sculpture, guardrail, fence etc..Gold and silver color in the color of gold, silver, warm to cool.In the traditional landscape, gold and silver as a general decorative color architectural painting, using less other environments.In the modern landscape design applied in general, and the use of the modern industrial materials, such as copper, stainless steel, titanium and alloy material.In the design, the choice of what kind of color, depends mainly on the sketch, the content and form of sculpture itself, there is an objective factor, namely the ambient color and texture, the pieces of sculpture itself, should not only coordinate, a comparison between a and.In general, sketch, set in the modern sense of the environment sculpture with silver -- stainless steel alloy material.In the form of abstract sculpture is mainly made of stainless steel, silver white material.Black, white in color, called the color, used in the south of the landscape architecture and civil architecture in the traditional landscape.In the modern landscape design in black and white is widely used in all parts of the country, especially in the guardrail, fence, with.Like many places along the fence, guardrail are formed by the local black iron tartans, guardrail, fence and the stream never stops flowing. The environment and be riotous with colour contrast these black, give a person with elegant, dignified sense of stability.Black and white are also often used in some square, road paving pattern combinations.For example, some city square tourist trails and Binhe Road, with white marble, black soil with the pattern, to the visitors and lively and elegant sense.In the flower design, often use white to improve the pattern of lightness, increase the sense of hierarchy, in contrast with the white buffer contrast.For example, in order to meet modern people nightlife activities, usually in the small garden design is required for "Night Garden" processing, improve the ornamental effect is an important means in the garden with some amount of white or other light color of flowers and plants combined with some aromatic species to create a fresh and elegant, pleasant fragrance. Night viewing environment.Black and white can play an important role in the landscape environment.
Application of
2.4 similar colors in landscape design
Similar color in the color table refers to the adjacent color colored, the gap is not close to the color hue.Such as: red and orange, orange and yellow, yellow and green.Similar color also includes the same phase within the extent of different colors.Such as: red and pink, dark green and light green.The color combinations that are relatively close in hue, lightness, purity, so easy to achieve harmony, in the plant combination, can reflect the level and the sense of space, can produce soft, quiet and elegant in a psychological sense, such as some parks, whole tone to a large green space is the main, Central green water, grassland dotted with various shapes of the dark green, light green plants and trees, with some landscape facilities, very quiet and elegant, with the surrounding noise environment form contrast, to give people a sense of leisure and enjoyment of beauty.The same color in some flower cultivation is often used, such as from the central flower bed outside color turn deep or light, give a person a kind of sense of hierarchy and the clear sense of comfort.
Application of
2.5 contrasting colors in the landscape design
The contrast color mainly refers to the color contrast, contrast color from the color. Because the difference is very big, strong contrast effect, eye-catching, is widely used in outdoor environment design.Complementary color in the mutual corresponding angle in the color table, such as red and green, yellow and purple, orange and blue.The contrast color in landscape design, suitable for square, garden, the main entrance and major festival scene, the use of contrasting colors to form various patterns and flower beds, style, body shape, can show a strong visual effect, give a person with cheerful, warm atmosphere.For example: the 50 anniversary celebration, the Beijing Tiananmen square, large flower beds, three-dimensional modeling with contrast color, give a person a warm, encouraging and exciting.And as the Xi'an Bell Tower Square, dominated by dark red marble, block is embedded with the green grass lawn, contrast hue different lightness, give a person a kind of lively sense of leisure.In contrast color, there are different lightness and purity contrast, differences in the area of contrast, in landscape design, especially the widely used combination of plants and flowers.Complementary color contrast.
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