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The system of public human resource management

Author: YangLiu From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-06-23 14:24:32 Read:
Abstract: This paper briefly introduces the public human resource management system, points out the rapid development in science knowledge and economy society, the importance of strengthening the construction of system.
Keywords: public sector; human resources; management system of
The so-called public human resource management system, it refers to public departments to make use of the public power and public power system model for the management of public human resources.Includes pure public sector that is government organization system of human resource management system and the third sector.There are four kinds of basic public personnel management system in public human resource management pattern in China, namely the political appointment system, civil service system, system of protection of vulnerable groups and the (elastic) employing system.Among them, the political appointment system and civil service system is the mainstream of public human resource management system.The in-depth study of public human resource management system of our country, to implement the party's basic line, improve the quality of public servants, to fulfill the public affairs management functions are all of great significance.
1, the political appointment system
The so-called political appointment system, is refers to by the party and the state power organ of the Communist Party of China on the important leadership positions in the public sector directly exercise their power of personnel management system.The political appointment system is the essence of national public officials responsible for the state power, their mission is not only to perform the function of public affairs administration, more important is responsible for the existence of state power, that is responsible for political goals.The political appointment system to improve public human resource management system, it is important to improve the civil servant's political, business level.
1.1 political appointment system is conducive to the consolidation of the ruling status of the party, the stability of the state power, the consolidation of
Must choose those with leadership, adhere to the leadership of the party, insist on the tenet of the party to the public sector important leadership positions, in order to stabilize and consolidate the ruling status of the Communist Party, the state power, a political appointment system in system level do guarantee.No system as a guarantee, the public sector human resources management on the lack of certainty, in selecting, employing, will increase the randomness, the ruling status of the party, and even the regime will not be able to obtain the safeguard and consolidate.In addition, the political appointment system is to ensure that the public sector in the personnel management of the Communist Party of China political response to protect the system.
1.2 political appointment system is conducive to better the organs of state power of expression of the will of the people of
In China, the National People's Congress and the local people's Congress is the organ of state power, the people's Congress has the power to recall, public sector workers.However, the public sector will truly responsible to the organs of state power, the key depends on the civil servant's political quality and work ability.The political appointment system to guarantee the organs of state power control and management of public officials at the system level.Senior cadres in the public sector have been recommended, election, not only embodies the represents the will of the people representative authoritative organ, and the organs of state power to the high political quality, strong ability to work the election of public officials appointed to important leadership positions in the public sector.
1.3 political appointment system is beneficial to train and bring up a batch of pragmatic innovative leadership
In the new historical conditions, strengthen the construction of public human resource management system is one of effective measures to cope with the opportunities and challenges.Only the public human resources, especially those with innovative leadership talent enough, to seize the opportunity, meet the challenge.However, we ask the staff in the public sector, especially leading cadres, should not only practical, but also must have the innovative consciousness.To do this, only through a political appointment system, the innovation and pragmatic, unity, selection and management of public officials, in order to create and train a number of both pragmatic and innovative leaders.They lead the masses to march forward courageously, pragmatic innovation, China's economic and social development to a new level.
2, the civil service system of
The so-called civil servant system, is refers to the country staff in addition to workers at all levels of government in the management system.After the Third Plenary Session of the eleven, China began to reform the state personnel management system are explored.Promulgated the "Provisional Regulations on state civil servants", formulated and issued a number of civil servants management rules, regulations and rules.Establishment and improvement of China's civil service system, for the cadre and personnel system reformation, has important significance in promoting the personnel management of civil servants and building a clean government and government organs of the scientific, legal.
2.1 of China's civil service system embodies the principle of classification management of
China's civil service system embodies the classification principle of separation, separation of government, the civil service is defined in the national administrative organ to exercise the administrative power, administrative functions of the staff, which has overcome the traditional personnel management that the cadre is too general to define and bring the management defects, is in line with the characteristics of China's administrative science personnel management system, which has great effect on the adjustment of the structure and improve the political and professional quality of civil servants.
2.2 of China's civil service system to enhance the work of the personnel management fairness of
In China's civil service system embodies fairness.First of all, the civil service system to ensure that citizens competitive positions of public office rights equality, not because of family background, ethnic, religion, gender discrimination.Secondly, the civil service system to ensure that the civil service examination, recruitment fair.The public examination, equal competition, preferred employ the principle of strict examination.Secondly, the civil service system to ensure that the civil service examination, promotion fairness.For Germany, can, diligent, accomplishment of overall evaluation, must hold to have both ability and political integrity, appoint people on their merit.2.3 of China's civil service system to enhance the work of the personnel management system of
Administration according to law is a basic characteristic of China's civil service system, but also our personnel management system of legalization, scientific an important sign.The personnel management system from the overall perspective, the lack of standardized system of legal system, supporting, with a certain degree of subjectivity.After the establishment of China's civil service system, and gradually changed this situation.As mentioned before, in the civil service system in addition to the general regulations, that the "Provisional Regulations on state civil servants", there are more than 40 individual regulations and implementation details, so that the formation of a sound legal system, so that the work of personnel management in our country according to the law, in accordance with the law, enforce the law strictly, illegally.
3, vulnerable groups protection system
The protection system of the vulnerable groups, is refers to the country through the implementation of a series of measures to ensure that the socially vulnerable groups from discrimination or enjoy a right of priority in the public examinations, training and promotion and so on, in order to promote the realization of the value of social justice.There are vulnerable groups in our country, how to implement a system of protection of vulnerable groups in public human resource management, is of great significance to the realization of social fairness value.
3.1 vulnerable groups protection system is conducive to promoting the realization of social fairness and the value of
As mentioned before, the social fair value refers to the social vulnerable groups have a statutory privilege or priority in the competition for public positions.In public human resources management in the implementation of the system of protection of vulnerable groups showed that, during the implementation of this system, is the social fair value realization process; the implementation of the system more perfect, it means the social justice to achieve higher level of.
3.2 vulnerable groups protection system is conducive to the training and selection of cadres of ethnic minorities, promoting national unity, maintenance of
the reunification of the motherland
According to some international hostile forces often use ethnic, religion, human rights and other issues on China's intervention, inciting ethnic separatist activities, we must strengthen the training and selection of cadres of ethnic minorities, it is an important task of the personnel management of public sectors in china.Minority areas due to the restriction of educational science and economy, culture, etc., behind other advanced areas.Therefore, in the management of public human resource, it must implement the system of protection of vulnerable groups, public resources in the minority areas management suit one's measures to local conditions, the relatively special personnel management policies, the potential of public human resources in minority region of fair treatment, the training of the minority cadres to promote national unity, the unity of the motherland be conscientious and do one's best, silently dedication.
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