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Tacit knowledge transfer efficiency in project team

Author: ShiXiang ChenYongGao SunWenJ From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-06-19 17:32:16 Read:
[Key words]   knowledge management; tacit knowledge project team transfer efficiency of
[Abstract] with the rapid development of world economy, the knowledge economy also emerge as the times require, and knowledge economy closely together, knowledge management has gradually put on the agenda.Tacit knowledge management is the core of knowledge management, the core unit development project team and enterprise, it is necessary to consider both together.Through the study of the influence factors of tacit knowledge transfer efficiency in the project group, and create the model according to the economics knowledge, put forward how to improve tacit knowledge transfer efficiency in the team.
introduction
199r7, knowledge management (KM) suddenly emerged from the global academic circles, and become the hot topic of business and technology leadership, how to effectively carry out the knowledge management has become a worldwide problem.Japanese scholar Nonaka Fujiro (Nonal (a) put the knowledge into explicit knowledge and tacit knowledge....Explicit knowledge coding convenience, easy communication, therefore the activation, sharing and transfer is relatively easy; tacit knowledge is implicit and difficult to imitate, it is relatively difficult to activate, sharing and transfer.Tacit knowledge includes many innovative ideas, days and months multiplying experience and skills can not encode backup knowledge, compared with the explicit knowledge, is the promotion of team innovation success is all the more important source of knowledge.Therefore, the project team is only good at this tacit knowledge base development team, the better team members between tacit knowledge sharing and transfer, the team can obtain knowledge innovation competitiveness.Although the effective management of tacit knowledge transfer in the project team members is very important, but due to the factors of implicit tacit knowledge transfer barriers and perplexing, tacit knowledge transfer inefficiency in the team very much, so it is necessary to transfer efficiency from this to research on the project team to start the transfer of tacit knowledge the problem.
The efficiency of the tacit knowledge transfer factors influencing l project team analysis
1.1 transfer willingness
Knowledge is a provider of knowledge transfer and dissemination of the source, the subjective intention to transfer knowledge is the decisive factor influencing the quality and effect of knowledge transfer.In the team, because the team needs to have unique knowledge means have some power, special knowledge or skills so individuals have of the team have value, reflects the status of the individual in the team in a certain extent.The owner of the knowledge transfer of this knowledge for fear of losing their own values, especially the person from the very special projects to the school knowledge, has become an inseparable part of the individual, they may not be willing to actively sharing or transfer this part of knowledge.Everyone has a selfish mentality, it will do great harm to knowledge transfer efficiency.S an you (1996) study found that, when the knowledge owners lack of motivation or incentive, may be because of fear of ownership advantages and privileges, lost knowledge of the position, and will not take the initiative to share knowledge, will become the source of knowledge stickiness.The team to complete the task in the process, because the incentive policy uncertainty, output too much of their knowledge is perhaps his position advantage in the intangible loss, the subject that knowledge transfer is reluctant to other team members to transfer knowledge, in the course of time, the team members became fully independent and closed individual, lead to the possibility of knowledge transfer in in order to reduce the.
1.2 transfer ability
Transfer refers to the ability of knowledge sources in the tissue in the right way to explain knowledge and ability of knowledge (B coral DT, 1979; Mc.Cr08key, 1982).HarIsen (1999) pointed out, willingness and ability to explain the two main aspects of knowledge transfer.Gra "It (1996) believed that knowledge has enjoyed, and therefore must have the willingness and ability to open, can make knowledge transfer effective operation.Whether it is for personal or team, only in the subjective with the intent to transfer knowledge is not enough, must also have the corresponding ability to transfer knowledge, ability will be transferred the knowledge to the appropriate form and pass to the knowledge receiver.Because tacit, complex and systematic knowledge itself, the knowledge transfer is a very difficult thing.Knowledge transfer of knowledge encoding ability, receive feedback information to grasp the knowledge, will have an impact on the transfer of knowledge.
1.3 absorption ability
Absorptive capacity refers to the receptor recognition external information value, absorb the information and application ability (C0henntllal, 1990) [.SzLllansl (I (1996) found that absorptive capacity of knowledge transfer receptor will transfer the -3J best practices influence within the organization.This shows that the significant correlation between the strength and performance of knowledge transfer receptor absorption ability.Knowledge absorptive capacity can make the knowledge receiver is easy to achieve success of the absorption, digestion and application of new knowledge to.The recipient of knowledge may be due to the lack of absorptive capacity, or lack of absorptive capacity for external knowledge to good use.Tuo n&, im}Ial;, consider absorptive capacity can be divided into individual level and organizational level, organizational level absorption ability to rely on individual ability to achieve.They also point out that, even in the same environment and to obtain knowledge desire no significant difference, absorption capacity among individuals is different.The difference between the tissue absorption capacity of at least two reasons: (1) the knowledge relative to the leading level, which determines the degree of absorption of knowledge organization, digestion, because the knowledge to lead the organization is able to distinguish the knowledge useful, is helpful to the knowledge of and absorption.(2) the team members homogeneity, when the members have similar beliefs, education, social status, better between them. The communicate knowledge.
1.4 absorption intention
Some knowledge of the receiving party is not willing to absorb knowledge from the outside, or to protect themselves, or for the company's internal power struggle, or for not adjusting the structure of their knowledge.Many scholars have conducted research, points out that the knowledge receiving party for lack of knowledge absorption intention, will take a delay, a negative attitude, pretending to be absorbed, undermine or refused to directly measure, use and implementation barriers for new knowledge.The project team members, especially some qualifications are older employees, they are out of its competition status, prestige and other considerations, reluctant to accept new knowledge easily outside, it will become the obstacles of knowledge transfer, influence the effect of transfer.Some members because of their knowledge structure into account, not willing to break the original concept of knowledge and ideas, so they tend to adopt a negative attitude towards knowledge absorption.
1.5 the relationship of trust
The project team knowledge transfer process is based on mutual trust among team members, establish trust relationship can effectively avoid the information distortion, emotional disorder easily eliminated, prevent information and knowledge free transmission (AsIl& H1 pH, 1995)....Putnam (1993) argues that if relations between the two sides of a high degree of trust, people are more willing to participate in social exchange, and more willing to take the way of cooperative communication.M (2O02) and multiple dimensions that trust is more susceptible to each other will (from on the other side of confidence will) effect.It includes: (1) believe that the exchange is kindness to each other; (2) believe that their capacity; (3) believed they could trust; (4) believe that open their.
The relationship of trust is the opposite of egoism, because only through institutional arrangements can not completely eliminate the egoism behavior, trust is very important.Egoism and trust is like the ends of relationship quality, transaction cost theory focus on the former, and the study of network theory will focus on the latter.In the transaction cost theory, a basic human nature of economic actors assumption is egoism, refers to the individual pursuit of self-reliance sly tendency (Willi root s0n, 1985).Most scholars considered to increase trust can reduce the egoism, but reduce the opportunism doesn't mean it will increase trust, best reduce mistrust.Thus, egoism and trust apparently have different meaning, the former is self-interest factor, while the latter tends to encourage factor.Mutual trust between the project team members to promote more communication between batches, with the further development of the communication between the two sides, have common knowledge more widely, to establish more channels of communication and can communicate with more rich media, is more advantageous in knowledge transfer.
2 the tacit knowledge transfer efficiency to select the optimal model of
The so-called "transfer efficiency", is an effective project team in the process of operation, the team members spend the lowest cost to complete the transfer of tacit knowledge of their.The transfer efficiency is high, the team members of the transfer of tacit knowledge more, and transfer the cost is relatively low; on the contrary, the transfer efficiency is low, the team member of tacit knowledge transfer more
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