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Research on the application of knowledge management in modern enterprises.

Author: HuangXuSheng From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-06-18 21:48:35 Read:

Abstract: This paper along the track of the development of knowledge management. Knowledge management background, illustrates the importance of the implementation of knowledge management, and analyzes the present situation of knowledge management from this angle, in order to have a new discovery and understanding.
Keywords paper: state of the knowledge background track management development direction of

The introduction of

Nineteen ninties, with information technology as the rapid development of high-tech industry and the vertical and horizontal permeability, has greatly changed the world economic development and competition pattern.The production, diffusion and application of developed economies are ever more reliant on knowledge.With the advent of the twenty-first Century, the world economy is an economy based on knowledge transfer, human society has entered an era of rapid development of knowledge economy.
With the advent of knowledge economy era, the content of knowledge changes, and corresponding management has also undergone a fundamental change.Indicates that the development prospect of knowledge economy, and enterprise knowledge will become human, capital, energy and other resources together, and will become the first factor of production enterprises.Accordingly, knowledge management was mentioned schedule management. Become a hot research field.
The rise of , knowledge management background
(a) the information and network industry profoundly changed the economic rules, and started to become a new economic growth point.
Since the second half of the twentieth Century, the world economy in a large scale in technological innovation and all-round Renaissance era.The progress of technology, especially the powerful driving force of the rapid development and wide application of network technology and communication technology for the world economy, the global economy is growing rapidly, and entered a new era of information economy.
(two) the economic globalization has become an inevitable trend.
Globalization is the basic feature of the modern world economy, the revolution of information technology provides the necessary technical conditions for the economic globalization.The information technology revolution unceasingly thorough, the different social systems and levels of development of countries have inevitably been integrated into the global economic system.The development of information technology makes the information easier, international trade and investment has become more simple and quick.
(three) "the entrepreneurial economy" (entrepreneurialeconomy) rise.
With the development of entrepreneurial economy and risk of investment fund, enterprise development ideas by knowledge and ability as the basis of a management model.It is found that opportunity, value creation and business model innovation, entrepreneurs rely on.
(four) the human has entered the era of knowledge economy.
Knowledge economy is a new economic form. It is with the previous economic form the biggest difference, number of knowledge economic prosperity is not directly dependent on resources, capital and other hardware technology.Accumulation and use but depends on the knowledge and information.Key management in the era of knowledge economy is the research, development, sales, information, staff education and training, knowledge management is born to meet the characteristics of the era of knowledge economy.
Track two, the development of knowledge management.
Knowledge management is originated from the United States of america.The idea and practice began in the eighteen eighties.
Nineteen seventies -- 8O's knowledge management system began to appear: hypertext application systems rely on artificial intelligence and expert system (KMS), such as "knowledge" and "knowledge engineering" and "knowledge based systems" and "computer based ontology" and the concept of.
Nineteen eighties: Although the classical economic theory ignored the knowledge as the value of the assets, and many organizations lack of strategic management knowledge and methods, but the knowledge (and with it in a professional capacity form expression) as the importance of competitive assets have clear.
In 1980, DEC (digital equipment company) took the lead in the use of large-scale knowledge system in support of engineering and sales.
In 1986, "knowledge management" concept first proposed in the United Nations International Labour conference.
In 1989, "fortune" magazine survey CEO 100 big American companies they are of the view that knowledge is the most important asset of the company; an American Enterprise Association launched the "knowledge assets" project; knowledge management papers at the beginning of "Sloan management review" "scientific" "Harvard Business Review" and other publications about organizational learning and knowledge management of the first monograph also began publishing, such as Senge's "Fifth Discipline" and Sakiya "value of knowledge revolution"; international knowledge management network (IKMN) was founded in europe.
In 1990, many consulting company began to implement knowledge management projects within the enterprise, but also some of the famous American, European and Japanese enterprises to establish a focus on knowledge management project.
In 1991, "fortune" published the first article of knowledge management: "mental".
In 1994, IKMN absorption in the United States of America "Knowledge Management Forum" and other related to knowledge management organizations and publications, published a survey of knowledge management in the European business results.
In 1995, the EC through ESPRIT plan, provide funding for projects related to knowledge management: Knowledge Management Conference of the United States of America quality and productivity center and Adachi Nobu attracted 500 business owners and presided over the knowledge management benchmark survey of 11 companies.
In 1998, a to "knowledge management" named new journals in the uk.
1999. The United States has 80% of the enterprises have been or are being implemented knowledge management plan.
2002 was recognized as knowledge management.
Nowadays, knowledge management has become an upsurge in the global management theorists and practitioners of intermediate.
Analysis of three, the knowledge management status of.
(a) the status of knowledge management from guiding ideology.
1 definition of no unified version, the majority is not rigorous, to guide the enterprise application.
The starting point positioning 2 knowledge management limited.The purpose of enterprise knowledge management should fully embody the central goal of the enterprise.At present, it is widely agreed: the central goal of the enterprise is to create value for its shareholders.Therefore, performance has become the main direction of the pursuit of enterprises.No doubt. Enterprises starting point of knowledge management is to help enterprises to improve performance.
3 understanding of knowledge management factors related to the position in the knowledge management though there are differences, but the convergent inclination.
4 theoretical research has largely focused on the structural aspects of knowledge management: how to convert data in the organization; how to measure, especially in the media's role (in particular internal to the individual level); rarely consider how to obtain, dissemination and use of knowledge.
(two) look at the present situation of knowledge management from the point of view of technology.
Relationship between 1 of information technology and knowledge management are still wrong understanding.
2 kinds of knowledge management technology, but the lack of a unified, standardized and scientific knowledge management technology classification standard.
(three) the status of knowledge management practice.
On the knowledge management practice of target of 1 successful knowledge management practitioners have a more clear understanding, understanding of the practice content becomes more comprehensive.
2 to form several kinds of knowledge management practice mode, is beneficial to enterprises according to their own characteristics to take knowledge management strategy.
3 the cause of failure of enterprise knowledge management practice.In Houston the American productivity and Quality Center (AmericanProductivity& QualityCenter) study.Frustrated companies usually have the following questions: (1) lack of business objective.(2) inadequate planning and lack of resources.(3) no person responsible.(4) the lack of required content.(5) the technical factors will be successful practice seriously affected and restricted the knowledge management.(6) the implementation of knowledge management of too much money (the money spent on the modern IT Technology), but little or no return.(7) the knowledge management and enterprise operation, operation combination is not tight, staff for the knowledge management process as extra work.
(four) the implementation of knowledge management in the enterprises of our country
The 1 system does not change, mechanism of live, human resource is not optimal and efficient allocation.
2 orders
Most of the enterprises of our country exist before, the low quality of staff, personnel structure aging, old knowledge, the concept behind the times, enterprise development obstacles.
3 for a long time. Many Chinese enterprises still use the traditional empirical mode of production, operation and management, does not adapt to the complex and changeable market situation, the management means, management way behind, enterprise is at low level of long-term operation, it is difficult to develop.
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