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The reason is not synchronized to upgrade of employment structure and industrial structure in China

Author: WuYunYong From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-06-08 16:13:23 Read:

Abstract: Rong Zhiyuan and Wang Zhanxiang the two doctor for my "upgrade of employment structure and industrial structure in China is not synchronous exploration" put forward in the following four contending perspectives: the change of industrial structure is a general rule, no standard structure; industrial structure decision between industry structure and employment structure and industrial structure is not simple decisions and be decided relationship; the first industrial labor productivity is low, second, three industry to absorb labor ability led to no synchronization upgrade and the first industrial comparative labor productivity decline is the essence of the meaning is not synchronized to upgrade the employment structure and output structure in China; the key lies in the improvement of employment structure employment elasticity of the two or three industry.To improve its ability to absorb labor force.The one one answer, namely the standards of developed countries is used to determine the best reference to Chinese industrial structure and employment structure synchronization; synchronization between the upgrading of industrial structure and employment structure upgrading can compare analysis; system obstacle, thrust and pulling force is not enough Co. is the main cause of employment structure upgrading lag; multi channel construction of agricultural labor force the rational flow of platform is the key to solve the problem.
Keywords: the employment structure of the tertiary industry; industrial structure;

"Reform" in 2007 the 3 period published my article -- "upgrade of employment structure and industrial structure in China is not synchronous exploration", Dr. Rong Zhiyuan in the fifth period of contend article "in China's employment structure and industrial structure need to upgrade the synchronization?" (hereinafter referred to as the "synchronization upgrade"), Dr. Wang Zhanxiang in the eighth period the article "the contention of employment structure and output structure of asynchronous update essence" (hereinafter referred to as the "upgrade" in essence) perspective on the part of the article put forward different views.In view of the different views of the two article, we will briefly.
, the standards of developed countries is used to determine the best reference Chinese industrial structure and employment structure whether synchronization
"Upgrade" upgrade "synchronization" nature is one of the core ideas: the change of industry structure has the "general rules", no "standard structure".This, I think:
Nothing can be accomplished without norms and standards.The relationship between China's employment structure and industrial structure is not only from the overall trend is synchronous development, there must be a standard.Although "there is not immutable and frozen standard employment structure", because it is relatively static, moving is absolute, but this does not affect whether or not we on China's employment structure lags behind the industrial structure to make judgments, which developed by the road to success is the best standard.As a child's height and age are consistent, we can not only see his height is increasing with age, because the trend of change is no reference value (it is only judged long and is not long, but did not determine how long do less).We must compare the height and the corresponding age standard, this standard is not absolute, there is no "immutable and frozen standard", but does not affect our judgment.Therefore, "synchronization upgrade" in put forward the view: "Chinese industrial structure and employment structure evolution in accordance with law (see contention point two)" "from say on the whole, the three industries, the labor department share changes and industry changes in direction are consistent (see contending views and three)" "upgrade" upgrade "essence of synchronization" point of view (see contention point two) is of little practical significance, this "meet" is only consistent with a tendency for us to judge, "China's industrial structure and employment structure evolution is synchronous" is no reference value.In fact, "not synchronization synchronization upgrade" -- China's employment structure and industrial structure is proposed in the obvious point of view......Mainly for the first industry to absorb excess labor force, while the two or three industry has to absorb the labor shortage, there is a labor industry from the first industry to the second, and then from the second industry to the tertiary industry transfer too slow phenomenon -- also comparison based on a judgment, this comparison is made in a certain standard.
Synchronization between two, the upgrading of the industrial structure and employment structure upgrading can be compared analysis of
"Upgrade" the two synchronous core viewpoint is: the industrial structure determines the structure of employment."Upgrade" the core essence view two: between employment structure and industrial structure is not simply determined by relationship.This, I think:
"Upgrade" upgrade "synchronization" nature of the existence of a common misunderstanding, confusion of the two concepts: "the employment structure and industrial structure of the relationship between the" "employment structure upgrading and upgrading of the industrial structure and the relationship between"."If the development of industrial structure is reasonable, then this kind of non lag synchronization is due to the employment structure; on the contrary, if the upgrading of the industrial structure in advance, this asynchrony may be related to the structure of employment, may be it doesn't matter."This is not to be between industrial structure and employment structure have no argument, but to illustrate the relationship between the upgrading of industrial structure and employment structure upgrading.In fact, the relationship between productivity and production relations as the relationship between industrial structure and employment structure of the same, early with the "petty -- Clark's law" in the form of an accepted.I this is said to upgrade the industrial structure and employment structure upgrading if there are no synchronization performance, may be lagging behind due to employment in the industrial structure upgrading normal upgrade structure (or the industrial structure is the standard, typical), may also be due to normal employment structure upgrading the upgrading of the industrial structure to upgrade or the employment structure and industrial structure upgrade faster lag advance both coexist at the same time (i.e., the industrial structure is atypical).
Before the reform and opening up, China's upgrading of industrial structure and employment structure upgrading asynchrony is mainly due to institutional factors lead to the upgrading of the industrial structure of rural labor transfer of lead and lag.After the reform and opening up (1978 1997), the upgrading of the industrial structure to ease prediction problem, the rural labor force to the institutional environment of city flow is also improved, "agricultural employment structure and the standard value gap basically maintained at this before the reform and opening up 15% levels did not change."However, compared with other countries, our country though this period of rural population migration to the city of absolute quantity is large, but the migration level is very low, China's population migration process is very obvious signs of policy control.At present, the industrial structure of our country from a capital intensive to technology, knowledge intensive signs industry conversion, in the changing process, employment in the industry will also change.According to Clark's Law: petty -- in the industry evolution, the upgrade process, due to the increase of per capita income level, resulting in the employment population first transfer from the first industry to the second industry; when the per capita national income level has been further improved, then to the tertiary industry employment population transfer.Industrialization in western developed countries and industrialized process proves the rule.However, because the thrust Co. and city rural force is insufficient, and the obstacles of rural labor force to the city a lot of system flow still not been completely dismantled, contrary to leap, upgrading of the industrial structure in China not only bring the employment structure quality, agricultural employment structure and the standard value compared to the gap continues to expand, from the reform and opening up around early 15% expanded to nearly 30% in 2005.
three, the system barrier, thrust and pulling force is due to limited employment structure lag
"The core idea of three synchronization upgrade": the first industrial labor productivity is low, second, three industry to absorb labor ability led to no synchronization upgrade."Nature" is the core idea of three upgrade: first industrial comparative labor productivity decline is the essence of the meaning is not synchronized to upgrade the employment structure and output structure in china.This, I think:
"Synchronization upgrade" believes that the first industry absolutely low labor productivity is the main reason of employment structure upgrade in China lags behind the industrial structure upgrade, "essence" thought "in the process of economic development, agricultural absolute labor productivity rising; second, the three industry labor productivity increased absolute faster, making agriculture relative labor productivity but in declining......This is the essence of not synchronized to upgrade the employment structure and output structure in china."In fact, agricultural labor productivity is low (either absolute or relative) is the important driving force of rural labor transfer to the city.Why do farmers from agriculture, be forced to leave one's hometown to work out, because of low productivity, slow growth of farmers' income.In other words, not because of agricultural overall labor productivity is low, takes the massive labor productivity, but because a lot of agricultural labor force cannot be transferred out, leads to low productivity.As Malcolm Gillis, scholars said, "rural to favorable conditions can be produced in the city economic development of the city's population migration, may also be produced in the adverse conditions of rural backward.Rural thrust Co. and city pull problem is the obstacle of rural labor force to the city of mass flow, so that the employment structure lags behind the main reason for the upgrading of the industrial structure.
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