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Analysis on the security policy of our country industry problems and suggestions

Author: ZhuXingHua From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-06-01 15:51:49 Read:
Keywords: the independent innovation of industrial technology security enterprise M & A
Abstract: from the control of industrial technology has become the basic means to win the international competition is to highlight the industry technology security issues background, analysis the trend of China's industrial technology security policy after joining the WTO, China's industrial technology security problems facing the summary of the present stage, puts forward 4 suggestions to strengthen technology safety of our industry.
The connotation of
1 Industrial Technology Security
Study on the category of the 1.1 traditional industrial technology policy does not adapt to the development of industrial technology under the new situation
Traditionally the industrial technology policy completely confined to the industrial policy (the traditional industrial policy includes the policy of industrial organization, industrial structure policy, the industrial layout policy and Industrial Technology Policy). To emphasize the development of industrial technology progress to industry contribution. Limited to see industrial technology policy in the industry within the scope of the performance. Neglect of science and technology the infrastructure for industrial technology research and development, intellectual property and technical standard of industry technology transfer, international trade and investment activities of the industry technology progress, can not adapt to the new situation of technological progress and economic development requirements.Industrial technology security is the progress of industrial technology to a certain stage of the derivatives (as long as the industrial technology is borders.Industrial technology security is inevitable with the development of industry technology progress and economic trade and the emergence of).
1.2 control of industrial technology has become the basic means to win the international competition is to highlight the industry technology security issues.
Economic globalization not only through trade globalization intensifies the global competition, the traditional industry is facing the impact of international market: more importantly, it also produced by globalization and financial globalization. It fundamentally changed the traditional international T pattern. The national division mode, the industrial chain and the corresponding industrial ecological environment has undergone revolutionary changes.Many countries under the impact of economic globalization, the integration trend in technology economy is more, not only damage the normal economic development industrial chain and industrial ecology. And lost control of the beneficial to the people's livelihood of major industries and key technology.Therefore, in the new international competition, industrial technology control becomes the core problem that restricts the sustainable development of national economy, control of industrial technology has become the basic means to win the international competition is to highlight the industry technology security issues.
1.3 dynamic and autonomy is typical of industrial technology security
Research on industrial technology security but few scholars involved, more and more scholars in the study on industrial safety, industrial technology as a factor to be considered at present academia to industry security meaning has not formed a consistent understanding, basically concentrated in 3 categories: one is the power of industry, two industry competence theory, three is industrial development.From the meaning of industrial security, industrial security can be defined as follows: industrial technology security is refers to a country in the process of realizing its important industrial technology progress and improve the technical innovation ability, not by transnational capital left to independent development, to ensure that industrial technology security. Emphasis on industrial process control of industrial technology progress the independent, dynamic and autonomy is typical of industrial technology security.
To the 2 of China's industry security policies analysis
Technical standard and intellectual property, foreign M & A review, improve the technology import and export management and strengthen the independent innovation, is the technology security policy of our country industry focus. Especially to enhance the capability of independent innovation, access to technical standards and intellectual property more prominent.
2.1 in the opening degree to further expand the condition revision technology introduction strategy. The sound technology introduction of laws and regulations
China's new "Industrial Catalog for foreign investment" to encourage foreign investment, industrial class is increased from 186 to 262, restricted by 112 reduced N75, foreign investment in China can be owned industries have accounted for 87.6% of the industrial system.Our country in 2006 July issued the "on encouraging the introduction of technology and innovation, a number of opinions" to promote the transformation of foreign trade growth mode, emphasis on the digestion and absorption of imported technology and innovation, so that enterprises with independent intellectual property rights more in core products and core technologies."Opinions" put forward at the same time, the government department in charge according to the development needs of the situation to improve the "Regulations" management of the people's Republic of the technology import and export, study and formulate the "Implementation Regulations of the people's Republic of China technology import and export management rules", guide enterprises to protect their legitimate interests.Regular adjustment "China prohibited and restricted technology import directory", restrictions on the import of China has mature and backward technology; prohibition or restriction of EI high energy consumption, high pollution and have been eliminated. Limit the introduction of blind duplicate.
2.2 from the simple introduction to the introduction of mature technology can improve the technology to change the overall level of research and development in China
"National long-term science and technology development plan (2006 - 2020)" proposes to encourage Multi-National Corporation to set up R & D institutions in china.As one of the "Outline" measures "on encouraging the introduction of technology and innovation, a number of opinions" to promote the transformation of the growth mode of foreign trade, put forward to encourage Multi-National Corporation to set up research and development institutions, improve the overall level of research and development in china.Encourage the Multi-National Corporation and the domestic research institutions, schools, enterprises launch technology cooperation: to encourage and guide enterprises to establish strategic alliances with the Multi-National Corporation or the developed countries advanced technology enterprises involved in the Multi-National Corporation, leading technology R & D activities: to encourage domestic enterprises and foreign investment enterprises to carry out technical support. The internationalization process accelerate high-tech R & D.
2.3 around the independent innovation introduced a series of measures to support domestic industry development
The State Council on the implementation of "national long-term science and technology development plan (2006-2020)" notice a number of supporting policies and put forward a series of measures: one is to establish financial funds for the purchase of independent innovation products system.Major state construction projects and the use of fiscal funds procurement of major equipment and the product of the project, relevant departments should be commitment procurement of independent innovation products as a declaration setting conditions, specific requirements and specific procurement of independent innovation products two are in support of joint research on digestion and absorption and innovation.In the construction of national science and technology infrastructure, priority support technology platform set up by the cooperation in key industries, to undertake major digestion and absorption of imported technology and innovation.Three is the national support enterprises, especially large enterprises establish research and development institutions.
2.4 the technical standard and intellectual property is the key policy
The State Council on the implementation of "national long-term science and technology development plan (2006-2020)" notice a number of supporting policies and put forward a series of measures: one is the Department of comprehensive grasp and important product key technologies with independent intellectual property rights of national science and Technology Department, in conjunction with relevant departments in accordance with the industry economy and characteristics of the field, jointly prepared and published on a regular basis should be master the key technology and independent intellectual property rights and product catalog, the national science and technology plan and construction investment should be focused on support for the development of the technology and products included in the directory.Two is the intellectual property rights of special examination mechanism for major economic activities.Relevant departments, set up a special committee of independent intellectual property rights, and has important to involve national interest of enterprise merger and acquisition, technology exports to supervise activities or investigations, avoid intellectual property loss and endanger State security.Three is actively involved in the formulation of international standards, impels to form a technical standard.Research of national science and technology plans to support the important technical standard, guide the joint development of technical standards.Countries to establish the standard service platform, support to accelerate the conversion of the foreign advanced standards to domestic standard, key support enterprises through innovation impels to form a technical standard.
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