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About the Japanese enterprise group doctrine -- a brief analysis of the longitudinal social "home"

Author: ZhouLiMei From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-05-28 17:05:17 Read:


[Abstract] generally think, Japanese team consciousness is more than westerners.The team consciousness is very obvious in the Japanese enterprise culture.This essay attempts to explore the formation of Japanese enterprise group doctrine from the social structure and the Japanese Society of "sense of community".
[Key words] collectivism; horizontal social; sealing; home; community of destiny
, the introduction of
Mention of Japanese enterprises, a lot of people will be the word reminiscent of "group".In the Japanese economy high speed development period, there has been a lot of research on Japanese enterprises, such as Morisaki Michio in the "development of Japanese enterprises reasons why Japan successfully" this book, the Japanese company "collectivism" thought, field investigation for many enterprises, the various enterprises in the "collectivism" thought it summed up one by one; and as Xiang Liangheng in the "honest and Japanese" a book from the perspective of "collectivism" to study, but not on the analysis of social structure of Japanese society, the existence of trace to its source in Japanese companies "group".
The social structure of two, Japanese Society
The term "social structure" is the basic language areas of social anthropology research, "(the social structure) is a kind of research method, this method first do the actual investigation of certain social, according to certain methodology, then explain and integrated the data, extract is considered to be the basic principle of society, and the theory of -- by this method the obtained conclusion 'the basic terms of social structure --' performance at this level, then compare with the other social."That is to say that the basic principles of social.Generally speaking, the social structure is the most difficult to change, even if the great changes of social organization, social structure and social basic principle = will not easily change.In social anthropology, often by the person and the person, individual and group, as well as between consists of individual group relationships to prove the basic principle.Nakane Chieji said, "only those who are not from outside eyes that see, and for the individual life is the most important interpersonal relationship, is the main part of interpersonal social anthropology that one is the most difficult part of change."The root's compare Japanese society and the society of the Western Europe, and the western society that transverse society "( Society)" different, Japan is a "vertical social ( society)".According to the root's view, he thinks "vertical society" is the obvious characteristic, is compared with the occupation itself, people attach more importance to the name of the enterprise.In other words, people pay more attention to each other as a social person belongs to the place, but not attached to each other as a natural person.
The western scholars R.N Bella wrote in 1955, "Tokugawa Sonorihito modern Japanese origin" in one book, trying to a diagram to illustrate the characteristics of Japanese society.According to his painting "social system performance the system", therefore, for work in the enterprise of each individual, and was concerned about the justice, pay more attention to their own group.For them, most personal care only one belonging to the small group.Therefore (everyone) people with their own small group of managers and subordinates of the longitudinal relationship between the occurrence of an association, and people with transverse relationship group is unrelated.That is to say this is a for "external" to show the slightest don't care, but the contrast is shown on the "internal" strong concern, such a closed society.Iwata Ryuko will be the nature of Japanese society with such a diagram to explain:
to outside their own group of the world's concern is very lack......Officers constitute the society to belong to which group of media, the only media, to make sure that its position in the society.In this type of society, individual and social contact may not have become indirect in nature, the main concern is the personal focus, directly at his own group.In the closed this very strong group, one of the characteristics of inevitably breeds is: the boss for an infinite dependence and subordinates subordinates for organization, group (boss) infinite loyalty.In this case, first as the enterprise, have a heart of the ownership of enterprise requirements for employees, and the corresponding, infinite enterprise trust staff.For employees, "the company is not a certain agreement signed with individual enterprises, which for me is not as the object exists, but me, even to our enterprise, is a known subject, is doing his social existence all is dependent, in all their own life.This is a very strong feeling with the understanding of the.It is just like a big family.The family is a living community, is a clear social group unit.That is to say, according to the living (Live) or (and) the establishment of such a range of management body, (the family) has become a factor in social group.
three, the Japanese social consciousness of community
In fact, in be known as "the three elements of Japan three artifacts", be the first to bear the brunt is "collectivism"."Plays an important role in a historical culture in Japan collectivism".
Three households as a whole: divides into the smallest unit, and to individual units and elements to the minimum; the smallest unit of a person as the center and the basic, to form the social overall, thinking, on the basis of this action, it is individualism.The so-called collectivism, is will do for the elements of the people together, as a unity; not to individual units, but on the whole as the center and the basic activities.No man is the "I", the "I" to eliminate, in the principle of "group priority", all kinds of thinking, take various actions, group is superior to individual.And individualism, on the contrary, personal position is prior to the group and are considered.
In Japanese business enterprise, group, and how to embody? Odaka Xiong pointed out that Japan enterprises fully implement collectivization management stock-in-trade.And also pointed out, "in Japan the stock-in-trade, all have a common goal, and this goal, in the results are finally point to the stability, development, is considered to be the destiny of the prosperity of the group."Odaka Kunishio in the "community of destiny" to refer to enterprises, everyone in the "community of destiny" in the goal is not to own, but to "long-term stability and development community".Ono Toyashi said the "base, the Japanese type of management is the framework, also
Is the driving force, is a highly homogeneous, closed strong society ", refers to the" community of destiny".The fate of the community is considered to be the base of Japanese often.The Japanese Society of the "community of destiny", in history has witnessed the "home", then to "village", "country", "fan" variety of morphological development.In these various forms of the "community of destiny ', belonging to the formal member, in principle, born and bred,, while Si, or life remain as consciousness and consciousness of the members of the group.These members, body and soul belong to the community, but also is expected to end its life to the long-term stability and development group contributions.
Here the word "home" and the nuclear family is not we speak today or generation of family, refers to after a few generations patriarchal system as well as the patrimonial group, the group was also based on the consanguinity and marriage ties formed, but most of the "home" will be a slave and domestics as "home" is a member of the.The nature of this "home" is rather than consumption unit, rather is a patrimonial management unit.Therefore, in the "home", inheritance and prosperity of his inheritance be more important than blood.
With a strong "community of destiny" nature of this "home", Ogasawara Kazuoji thought that develops with the warrior society."Samurai Lords (the Lord) in hereditary form of territory and a knight, function be handed down from age to age.So, do
For the organization 'home' to form.Knights and warriors groups appear, there is also a big characteristics of the Japanese Society of 'home'."(Murakami Taeryo, Jun Ping, Misaki Sato Makotomiro "document as civilized society" chuokoronsha 1979) 'home "," although the father and son, a couple of the consanguine family as the core to form, but it is not a simple family., is a kind of beyond blood family, objectivity, and passed down from generation to generation with persistent existence.That is to say, 'home' is to continue to inherit the family property, property for the purpose of, with the continuous name for the independent social unit symbol, according to father a son and a grandson man lineal relatives in order to inherit."
Warriors in order to defend territory, relatives outside the retainer, men are recruited to the "home", the move is thought to play a major role in the formation of "home" in nature.That is to say, as a result of this move, "home" of this unit beyond blood restrictions.At this point, the Chinese and Japanese family and "home" are essentially different.In the "home", there is nothing more than the inheritance and development of the family business is more important.Therefore, the "master of the house" and "filial piety" is far less than the more important for the "home" and "loyalty".For "the master of the house", "home" to carry forward, not only for the "home" loyalty, but also for his filial piety.
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