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The practice of regional innovation system of Anglo-American and Its Enlightenment to China

Author: GuoQingRan From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-05-27 23:47:59 Read:
Keywords paper: Regional Innovation of regional innovation system innovation environment on
Abstract: the study of the regional innovation system including the theory research and practice operation.Evaluation on the effectiveness of the theory research mainly includes the regional innovation system's basic concept, structure, innovation environment and system, practice in foreign research on regional innovation system accounts for a large proportion of.Study on the regional innovation system in both theoretical study and practice has just started, thought and practice of regional innovation more successful in both Britain and America, the regional innovation system analysis, we can get some useful enlightenment from.
The process of economic globalization and regional economic integration has increasingly become a decisive factor in regional development and regional economy to win the international competition ability of the most important factors of the regional innovation ability.With the deepening of economic globalization and regional characteristics, economic development is more and more obvious, is gradually becoming an important basis for regional economy coordinated development.Innovation is the main driving force of regional development, regional innovation is the route one must take the regional development.F in the innovation changes life of the times, the development of a region depends more and more on the innovation ability, and the construction of regional innovation system is the foundation to improve the ability of independent innovation, but also an important way to regional economic and social development.Facing the new innovation environment at present, construction of J of world typical regional innovation system, fully understand the characteristics of the world typical regional innovation system construction, to make our country in carrying out the work of regional innovation system construction, as soon as possible absorption of successful experience of construction of regional innovation system in the world, accelerating China's regional innovation system construction, to enhance regional innovation capability, promote the interactive development of regional innovation system and the local economy.
, regional innovation system theory of
The innovation system theory originated from national innovation system (RIS) put forward the concept of the.Since 1987, Freeman put forward the national innovation system, the world has raised the research upsurge of national innovation system.And the theory of regional innovation system is an important part of the theory of national innovation system, came out in nineteen ninties was proposed, and get the attention of academic circles and governments.The theory of regional innovation system based on dynamic evolution system, the view will be in the area of system, culture, organization and other factors combined, systematic innovation to explain regional capacity and potential and requirements of the system, organization and other environmental conditions, thereby establishing the regional learning organic links between innovation, regional environment and regional growth, formed an analysis of regional innovation and regional economic development and effective theoretical framework.
In the domestic, regional innovation system theory started relatively late, a lot of research in 2000 after the beginning of.Completed in 2001 by a group of Chinese science and technology development strategy of "the report of Chinese regional innovation capacity", that the regional innovation system is a network system of organization within the region characteristic, and Regional Resources Association, innovation.Its purpose is to promote, within the region of new technology or new knowledge flows, renewal and transformation.Peking University professor Wang Jici that the regional innovation system is a regional network of each node (enterprise, University, research institutions, government) in the synergistic effect of netting and innovation, and integration into the regional innovation environment and the composition of the system.System of regional innovation system is the regional innovation networks and regional innovation environment formed by superimposition.Chen Xiushan of Renmin University of China and others thought, regional innovation system is a network system of organization innovation to promote a regional characteristic, and the associated resources, its purpose is to promote the new technology and producing area, new knowledge flows, renewal and transformation.Regional innovation system consists of industrial and commercial enterprises, University and other public and private sector research and development agencies, funds, personnel and the innovation of organization and the related policy.Gu Xin of the Sichuan University argues that the regional innovation system is in one country in a certain region, the new combination of factors of regional economic development or the development of new elements into regional economic system, and create a new and more effective allocation of resources, to achieve new system functions, make the economy more efficient use of resources in the area, in order to improve regional innovation ability.Wu Guisheng of Tsinghua University believes that the regional innovation system is refers to the main body of technological innovation behavior area interconnected, open network system structure and the corresponding system and mechanism.
In the domestic and foreign research on regional innovation system can be found, for the research of regional innovation system has not established a systematic theory system, not only the fuzzy concept, the object of study is focused on the developed market economy and area.Even so, it is the main factor of regional innovation system can be extracted.At present, domestic and foreign scholars, the basic consensus has been achieved, that the main elements of RIS including the enterprise, University and scientific research institutions, intermediary service institutions, government departments (see chart 1).Among them, the enterprise is in the center position, is the regional innovation activity executor; university and scientific research institutions is the source of knowledge innovation; intermediary organization is the link to connect all the elements of the regional innovation system; government's regional innovation policy makers, a regional innovation system of the special elements, is the link between organizational factors and institutional factors.From the regional innovation system of the level of regional macro definition, can be viewed as a transnational region (such as the European Union), middle finger across the region a domestic, micro refers to a region of a country.One for the convenience of the study, the definition of the micro level, the regional innovation system of a region of the object for comparison of domestic.

two, the regional innovation system theory and practice
In the world, regional innovation has become a decisive factor of regional competitiveness, is an important driving force to promote regional economic development.Whether in the western developed countries or in developing countries, has the inestimable significance of regional innovation system.Due to differences in resource endowments, technology condition, market foundation, cultural traditions, created a regional innovation system in different countries.
(a) -- British knowledge driven type.
Britain is a developed market economy countries, but unlike the American cultural tradition, robust and loyalty to the British conservative, long history and also make the UK has a strong cultural atmosphere.Therefore, unlike the United States, regional innovation system in Britain is based on knowledge production and processing as the main driving force of knowledge innovation, enterprise and research university is the UK regional innovation support carrier.In order to promote the transformation of knowledge and science and technology achievements, the British government to encourage scientific research type university set up a science and Technology Park, eighteen eighties, 46 British university held nearly 2O science and Technology Park, 1987 to 37, in 2000 it reached 53.Some famous science and Technology Park, such as the Cambridge Industrial Park, the otter Watt University Science and Technology Park, Ashton Science Park Warrick Park, greatly enhance the research and application of knowledge between the contact.
The production of knowledge and innovation has been the focus of attention in the British government in the regional innovation.In order to encourage knowledge innovation, the British government attaches great importance to the protection of intellectual property rights.Released 1993 "white paper on science and technology: realize our potential", marks the intellectual property strategy developed for absorption and diffusion, liquidity emphasizes knowledge, and to reduce the price level by strengthening the technology diffusion of knowledge.1995 has introduced "speed up" white paper, put forward "technology sharing benefit index" with the transfer of the four elements of 7 indicators, and to develop a series of programs to support the technology diffusion process.If the government free of charge transfer formed by public investment in intellectual property rights, government and Research Council out of the protection of intellectual property rights, encourage first-line "University and industry share R& D", and "R& through materialized; market distribution" D flow and patent knowledge to promote technology diffusion.1996 - 1997, the British government to spend more than 50000000 pounds of technology diffusion.In order to solve the knowledge innovation enterprise financing difficult problem, the British director of science and technology and industrial policy of the Department of trade and industry and even consider setting up a "knowledge bank", through the fund or government guarantee mode of operation and support enterprises to carry out knowledge production and innovation.
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