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External growth strategy of small and medium-sized enterprises in regional innovation system

Author: LiXiaoZuo LiBaiZhou From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-05-27 19:08:22 Read:

Abstract: external factors have an important impact on small and medium-sized enterprises in regional innovation system development.External measures of the growth of small and medium enterprises in regional innovation system mainly includes: building a regional innovation environment conducive to the growth of small and medium-sized enterprises; enterprise clusters, the promotion of small and medium-sized enterprises in regional innovation system development; through cooperation breaks through the bottleneck of the regional innovation system, regional innovation system of small and medium-sized enterprises and grow together.
Keywords: the development strategy of regional innovation system in small and medium-sized enterprises
Regional innovation system (RegionalInnovationSystem, RIS) is a specific area of contact each other, constitute the common enterprise, universities, research institutions, intermediary and government innovation main body, running environment of certain system, policy, to promote innovation, pushing the spatial structure of regional economic and social development are formed as the goal the.Other actors such as small and medium-sized enterprises and Regional University, research institutions, intermediary service institutions, the government formed a system of interdependent.Thus, the formation of a system for each subject closely linked in the region, the regional innovation system.The development of small and medium-sized enterprises is no longer a business thing. External factors have an important impact on small and medium-sized enterprises in regional innovation system development.
, create an atmosphere that is conducive to the growth of small and medium-sized enterprises of the regional innovation environment
Regional innovation ability innovation direction of the enterprise and innovation have a far-reaching impact. And the regional innovation environment directly affects the regional innovation ability. Therefore the development of small and medium-sized enterprises greatly restricted by regional innovation environment.Small and medium-sized enterprises in RIS environment for innovation, innovation and development is the change of the small and medium-sized enterprises, the sum of all the external conditions which affect and restrict the development of the small and medium-sized enterprise innovation.It includes the factors of political, economic, legal, technological, social, natural and other aspects, is an organic whole of these factors are intertwined, interaction, restrict each other and form.
There is a dynamic interaction relationship between the 1 regional innovation environment and small and medium-sized enterprises.The changing of the environment of small and medium-sized enterprises to respond. Adjustment to the enterprise and environmental interaction relations is not only the reaction behavior of enterprises, but also caused further changes in the environment.Thus, small and medium-sized enterprises and regional innovation environment is always in a dynamic adjustment process and between small and medium-sized enterprises and environment interaction, mutual adjustment is the variety of environment influence each other. The reaction mechanism.Therefore, the core of enterprise management, is essentially to adjust in the dynamic changes of the enterprise and the environment in question, thus to promote the development of SMEs, namely environmental change -- management adjustment, enterprise development, environmental changes.
Have an important impact on the 2 regional innovation environment to the development of smes.It is through direct, indirect or circuitous path, influence or determine enterprise's choice set, preferences, execution and feedback, so small and medium-sized enterprises to adapt to the environment.However, the small and medium-sized enterprise also not just passively adapt to the environment, or the external environment of the enterprise, it is not always positive transfer (from the external impact of internal) master-slave relationship or influence.The small and medium-sized enterprise also has effect on regional innovation environment.The enterprise through management initiative. To transform the enterprise performance and innovation, can influence or control the external environment, or reduce the degree of adverse effects on the environment.
The elements of the 3 regional innovation environment is a system network structure.It has the characteristics of dynamic, complexity, disorder and imbalance.Because of the existence of differences in various small and medium-sized enterprise internal environment, external environment condition in different periods of the same or different enterprises.The degree of influence of each factor on enterprise is different.Different enterprises or the same enterprise in different periods, the enterprise and the environment question focuses on the mutual adjustment is different.
two, the enterprise clusters.To promote regional innovation
The small and medium-sized enterprise system in the growth of enterprise cluster is a kind of economic phenomenon in developed countries and the adjustment of industrial structure and layout area in the process of.In a particular area of some industry enterprises greater density, supporting degree of industry, the downstream links more high, industry value chain more perfect, the more powerful enterprise cluster innovation ability and competitive ability.For small and medium enterprises, the biggest advantage of enterprise cluster is to make them more efficient in obtaining information, technology and coordination of relevant enterprises and promote the enterprise competition ability and operation. And through external economies of scale to overcome their own internal economies of scale.
1 of the industrial structure optimization of SME clusters.Enterprises cluster should not be the pursuit of the industrial structure of the "big and complete". But should pursue more strong professional and specialized core technology and core competitiveness.Through specialization to play a better clustering effect, sharing advantage, internalization advantage and information synergy.Each cluster of enterprises should focus on the one or two leading industries of key construction, supporting development, and strive to build the interdependent industrial system and related industrial network system, try to avoid the industrial structure assimilation.
2 to improve the living environment of the cluster of small and medium enterprises.First of all, to weaken the government to the small and medium-sized enterprise clusters in the "administrative kneading".To strengthen the government's guidance and service function.The government through the planning, construction of the "high-tech park", and the implementation of fiscal and tax policies, and guide SMEs to the park gathering; cultivating the capital market, establish the highly effective financing mechanism. The soft environment of the reform of investment, optimize the credit environment, to provide quality and efficient serialization services for the sustainable development of small and medium-sized enterprises cluster.Secondly, the construction of social service system, strengthen the SME cluster, which is gradually perfect information consulting services to support small and medium-sized enterprise cluster development, foster professional intermediaries, make the enterprises within the cluster to obtain resource sharing, agglomeration benefits of professional service area.Once again, the unique regional culture medium and small enterprise cluster development.The regional culture is the core of the spirit of innovation, encourage and failure tolerance, the courage to accept new things and the pursuit of self value, the incentive to senior management, down to the ordinary employees, each individual entrepreneurship.
The 3 "innovation chain" pulling the cluster development of small and medium-sized enterprises.Technology innovation including personnel, capital, raw materials, information, knowledge into higher value-added products and services to the whole process of innovation, the innovation of any aspect of a whole process of labor required, capital, information, knowledge, material into higher value-added products and services of, are covered in the concept of technological innovation.Since the nineteen ninties, discussed in the world most is the national innovation system, is the study of the innovation chain, change any part of the system. It may lead to "other links of innovation chain" change.With "innovation chain" pulling the cluster development of small and medium-sized enterprises, has become the inevitable choice of the cluster of small and medium enterprises to participate in international competition.To establish the cluster of small and medium enterprises through "innovation chain" competitive advantage, innovation advantage problem can overcome the lack of enterprise clusters.
three, break through the elements of cooperative innovation bottleneck. Small and medium-sized enterprises and regional innovation system to grow
Small and medium-sized enterprises in regional innovation system and other innovative bodies bottlenecks in cooperative innovation. The main factors are: the position deviation in RIS; regional innovation policy execution is low; to regional and national level root culture of innovation.The cooperative innovation bottleneck, conducive to regional innovation system: the growth of SMEs and other innovative bodies from non-cooperative to cooperative innovation process. Also experiencing growing pains, so as to realize the common development of small and medium-sized enterprises and regional innovation system
The main elements of position deviation of
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