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Analysis based on the industrial development of the innovation system of Wuhan city circle space architecture

Author: Anonymous From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-05-27 05:19:34 Read:
Paper Keywords: Wuhan city circle regional innovation system structure of industrial development
Abstract: regional innovation system is a kind of regional characteristics of multi-agent, multi-mechanism, the complex system of multi-space level, the spatial structure of industrial clusters multiple spatial organization of the base node network. Wuhan city circle innovative resources total, but the path to the spatial organization of poor, loosely associated network nodes, and reduce the regional innovation resources innovation performance. One of the reference path of the space frame of the regional innovation system is to build a network of industrial clusters based on market linkages. According to the characteristics of the innovative resources and industrial base in Wuhan city circle, build the basic idea of ??the Wuhan city circle innovation system based on industrial development.
Introduction
Since the famous British technology the innovative research expert Freeman, (C.Freeman,) in 1987 proposed a national innovation system (National Innovation System), the regional innovation system, enterprise technology innovation system research and building deepening. The construction of the regional innovation system (RIS) has become a powerful policy tool for the (local) government to promote regional development. In academic research, Chinese scholars and more emphasis on regional innovation system connotation and regional theory to explore and take note of the industrial clusters of regional innovative, international research preferences based on empirical analysis of regional innovation system framework of regional and industrial innovation proposed "the concept of spatial innovation system. Generally speaking, the theory of the regional innovation system construction and practice of development results fruitful, but from the perspective of industrial innovation regional innovation analysis cases are few and far between in this attempt is made, is designed to reference and inspiration to build a regional innovation system.
The spatial structure of the regional innovation system is the spatial relationship between the regional innovation nodes and their interactions path. Regional Innovation nodes is the innovative resources enrichment and innovation-intensive spatial domain, it has three spatial levels: the city at all levels (urban) macro-level node, the meso-level node of all kinds of industrial clusters and a variety of innovation base for micro-level node. The path to the regional role of spatial channel interaction to promote innovation associated with the node, there are three modes of action: transportation, communication base i} facilities as the main technical contact, industrial chain, value chain, innovation chain as the main market linkages, geo-cultural, personal network, and regional identity as the main social contact. Industrial clusters innovation the main gathering area and innovation base, market linkages between them is the essential relationship of innovation activities, industrial clusters and market linkages architecture, a core role in the regional innovation system. Therefore, the development of industrial clusters, and strengthen market linkages is the core of the regional innovation system architecture.
Wuhan city circle the spatial characteristics of the innovation system
1.1 Regional Innovation resources geography
Innovative resources required for scientific and technological innovation, innovation capital, the main innovation and innovation base input factors and their relying on the organization and platform, the spatial distribution of innovative resources and combinations thereof position of the spatial characteristics of the regional innovation system Static reflect. Wuhan city circle innovative total amount of resources are more abundant, but the uneven spatial distribution, Wuhan City, the monopoly of prominent (see Table 1). The composition of the innovation capital, Wuhan concentrated 82% of the city circle of scientists and engineers, 98% of the original value of the research equipment, the main innovation of the 56% and 99% of the innovation base; national key universities, institutes and national innovation The base child almost the entire layout of this.

Wuhan city circle of innovative resources regional organizations have begun to take shape, but the direction of the spatial concentration is unknown, industry convergence and disorderly competition. Enterprise Space Clusters rapid development zones and industrial parks as the carrier. Existing above the level of 63 (including municipal) Industrial Development Zone (including the high-tech zone 7), pursuant to which the formation of industrial clusters (cluster area) was the southeast to the northwest zonal distribution in Wuhan City Expressway outer zone, in the northwest along the Beijing-Guangzhou line, southeast along both sides of the Shanghai-Chengdu line (Yangtze River waterway), concentrated of circle industrial clusters (enclave) 70% of the number of (44), and initially formed a docking situation with the East Lake High-tech Zone and the Wuhan Economic Zone.
1.2 Regional Innovation Capacity spatial differences
The ability to innovate is a system of knowledge into new products, new processes and the effectiveness of services, usually measured by the elements of knowledge production, knowledge flow and application of knowledge to 41. The overall condition of the ability to innovate and its spatial difference is the dynamic performance of the spatial characteristics of regional innovation system. Wuhan city circle ability to innovate the spatial difference is huge, but are highly complementary, the circle City Innovation Ability individual comparison and variance analysis are shown in Table 2.

According to the analysis of the contents of Table 2 and relevant research showed that the monopoly concentration and industrial development of regional innovation resources, leading-edge achievements Wuhan City, superior innovation and the undisputed regional innovation center position; surrounding City The ability to innovate is generally weak, but there is integration and room for improvement. Yellowstone has comprehensive resources for innovation and good industrial foundation for innovation; Ezhou high-tech industry has developed rapidly, favorable environment for innovation; Xiaogan reflect the vigor of emerging agriculture; the Qianjiang contains traditional industries dignified; Xiantao developed private economy, small and medium-sized private enterprises active; the superior the Huanggang social capital, human resource potential is huge; Xianning ability to innovate has a comparative advantage; the Heavenly Gate agricultural resources has a distinctive feature. Therefore, the regional innovation system should integrate complementary and innovative capabilities through innovative space, formed as a link to the industrial city circle Innovation Network organisms. 2 based on the industrial development of Wuhan city circle creates; space of the new system architecture and organization
The
spatial structure of the 2.1 Regional Innovation Systems
According to the Wuhan city circle the spatial characteristics of the innovation system, based on the industrial development of innovative network space schema should be a multi-level, circular, open innovation network-like system. The entire city circle can be divided into three level of innovation: the regional level, in Wuhan City as a center of innovation; the local level to around 8 City Innovation Center; regional level, innovation center to surrounding towns. Innovation Center at all levels rely on regional specialties industry, industrial clusters as a carrier, the formation of industrial clusters innovation platform, the platform for innovation to promote industrial development, and build cycle pattern of innovation; various types of innovation main industrial chain as a link, based on innovation platform interaction and innovation, the implementation of the different levels docking develop the same level of dislocation development strategy, the formation of regional innovation network-like structure. Innovation system and keep pace with regional external dynamic association and actively contributed to
including multinational companies and their R & D department main innovation network connection
The 2.2 regional industrial innovation networks spatial organization
Space network of regional industrial innovation system is the core of the regional development of industrial clusters and their spatial association. Therefore, regional industrial division of space is to build and optimize the network of regional innovation system space, there are a variety of related industrial clusters and regional innovation system. According to the spatial pattern of innovation resources and industrial resources of the Wuhan city circle, the spatial organization of the regional industrial innovation networks can choose the value chain innovation chain, industrial chain as a channel. Relying on the value chain, Wuhan City, the main layout of the department of research and development, marketing and assembly of finished products, such as high-end value, focus on the development of headquarters economy; surrounding cities to undertake the transfer of the production base, cooperation and development sector economy. Relying on the innovation chain, Wuhan mainly based on independent innovation, focusing on the development of high-tech industries and modern manufacturing; around 8 City to undertake related technology, select the development of high-tech industries and traditional manufacturing industries. Ministry of downstream industries relying on the industrial chain, the main development of Wuhan City, the leading industry sectors and high processing; surrounding city the dislocation development assistance sectors and processing low upstream sector. Accordingly determine the Wuhan city circle respective industrial development and innovation focus areas (see Table 3), thus the formation of a variety of chain criss-cross the city circle Industrial Areas
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