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Research on mechanism and model of the four three structure 'of regional innovation system operation. "

Author: HuShuHua DengHengJin MouRenYan From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-05-26 20:02:41 Read:
Keywords: the regional innovation system innovation innovation innovation innovation output
Abstract: regional innovation is a complicated system engineering, operation mechanism of the use of "four three model" support of regional innovation system in this project are analyzed: from innovation input, innovation subject, innovation, innovation output of four dimensions on the "four three model" from innovation; output and content of innovation, innovation and content innovation subject, innovation output and innovation subject, innovation subject and devoted major relationship is discussed in terms of "four three model" internal relations; output from the traction, elements of collaboration, feedback loop, leading the transformation of four aspects of "four three structure...Model operation mechanism.
1 Introduction
Regional innovation system is a nonlinear complex system, multiple order.Since the British scholar Cook put forward the concept of regional innovation systems..., many scholars have studied abroad, Autio (1998), Schienstock (2000), JanGLambooy (2002), DavidDoloreax (2003), there are Hu Zhijian (1999), yellow Lucheng (2000), Zhang Dunfu (2000), Liu Shuguang (2004), E (2005), (2006 Shenggang), most of them built structure model contains the main innovation.But because of the differences between different academic background, research perspective, the structure model of the regional innovation system has not yet received unanimous approval.On the innovation subject, there are "three elements (government, enterprise, University and Research Institute)" and "theory of five elements (government, enterprise, University and research institutes, intermediary services, financial institutions)" debate, which reduces the theory to practical guiding significance to a certain extent.In this paper based on the absorption of existing research results, according to the regional economy of our country in the process of regional economic development to the integration of economy, resources economy to knowledge economy, the introduction of economic inward need living economy transformation, in order to solve the Government Enterprise Research Institute of multi-agent, multi-level industry technical system management content, product environmental fusion problem as the focal point, the system of regional innovation system operation input, subject, content and the output of the "four three" model and mechanism, inherent law to scientifically reveal the regional innovation, find the feasible theoretical basis for construction, a high degree of innovative country two type society construction and competitiveness upgrade.
2 regional innovation system "four three model"
Regional innovation system consists of four parts to innovation output, innovation, innovation subject, innovation, each part contains three major sections, so it is called the "four three structures", as shown in figure 1.Described as follows:

The 2.1 innovation output
Regional innovation system innovation includes three aspects of environment, industry, product, the product is directly reflect the market competition of regional economy, industry is the carrier of regional economy, the environment for regional economic development and regional innovation activities to create conditions and provide power.
(1) environment.The environment of regional innovation system including the regional environment and regional environment of the two part, this environment refers to the regional innovation subjects can affect the environment, including both hardware environment infrastructure, living facilities, including the soft environment of market system, policy system, intermediary services, the talent market, also includes the interactive relationship regional innovation subjects ask.Innovation environment within the region determines the efficiency of activities and regional innovation system subject to a certain extent.In view of this specific concept, where the environment can and should become the regional innovation system innovation, innovation environment for development of innovative activities in the region can be called environmental innovation, designed to make it become a booster for regional economic development.
2 industry.Industry is the industry that has some similar properties, and interaction, mutual influence aggregate economic activity subject, industry in the region is the carrier of regional economy, composed of many production or similar enterprises or complementary enterprise similar products, it is always the results of regional economic development, the impact of regional innovation activities, behoove can become a regional innovation system output.The development of the regional industry innovation activities can be called industrial innovation, including the structural adjustment of industry in the region to ask, the adjustment of the industrial structure, extending industrial chain, industrial upgrading, industrial expansion and the formation of industrial clusters.
(3) products.The product is the direct embodiment of the competitiveness of the regional economy, whether regional competition, industry competition is competition of enterprises to be implemented in the final product competition.The innovation series product development, can be called the product innovation, in order to reduce the cost, improve the product function, increase product added value.Can similar Silicon Valley launch can achieve breakthroughs in the industry, leading the transformation of innovation product development is to pursue the goal of many high-tech park.
The 2.2 innovation
The regional innovation system includes three parts of technology innovation, system innovation, management innovation.Put these three as the content of innovation, is considered from the conventional angle.From the innovation of the track, there are technical innovation and system innovation of two types; since Drucker to study the theoretical innovation of management after introducing the concept and the emergence of this type of management innovation, management innovation and produce various kinds of in the management theory and practice.However, the classical literature is very difficult to see the "technology innovation, system innovation, management innovation" three parallel formulation, the lack of system, clear distinction, convincing.Here convenient construction from the regional innovation system perspective, do the following definition:
(1) technological innovation.In a variety of understanding of technology innovation, can make the narrow and broad sense distinction, technical innovation, research and development and finally began to realize technical innovation market; generalized, began in the invention and finally technology diffusion.Technology innovation is fundamental for the sustainable development of regional economy, its production, application and diffusion and regional innovation system innovation, innovation subject, innovation and other innovative content directly related, is the core of regional innovation system.
(2) the system innovation.System is the organization rules, through the innovation of innovation incentives and protection of its innovation output to support is the effective operation of the effective implementation of technological innovation and regional innovation system.However, sometimes the system will hamper innovation, therefore need system innovation.System innovation is the organization system choice, create, and optimization of new term, including the system adjustment, reform and improvement, etc..
(3) the management innovation.Understand the administration there are numerous, this paper thinks that management is a dynamic process of available resources for effective integration to achieve organizational goals and responsibilities.From this definition, management innovation should be: with a more efficient way of integration of organizational resources to more effectively achieve the goal and the responsibility of the organization.The development and innovation of practice development is management, management theory and management rules are mostly is the summary and the refinement of management innovation fruits.
The 2.3 innovation main body
The regional innovation system. The main discussion, both at home and abroad has been quite a lot of discussion, here in 1993 June International Science Park Association at the Ninth World Congress on the proposed "three yuan participation theory" are adjusted based on the regional innovation subjects, should be three parts including government, enterprises, scientific research institutions the main function, in order to cultivate talents in Colleges and universities, to carry on the service innovation of the intermediary and the financial department and other agencies as environmental elements within the region.
(1) the government.The government refers to the jurisdiction of the administrative scope of administrative region within the body, is the main body of the exercise of public power, the organization system is established according to certain rules.The government behavior is influenced by the cognitive degree on its function and show activity.The function of the government and the market role into full play is to correct the market failure, making up the insufficient market together, the government and the market is forming a complementary relationship between is an important aspect of government function.And the government play the cognition of their own functions to provide a great space for government innovation.The government as an important factor in regional innovation system, regional innovation activity is not only the rule makers, direct participants is the regional innovation activity, should become the main body of regional innovation.
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