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Multinational R & D investment location choice literature review

Author: HuangZuoZuo From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-03-17 13:52:16 Read:
[Abstract] This article from multinational companies from four aspects are summarized and summarizes the impact of multinational companies R & D investment location choice factors, including: the empirical analysis to analyze the impact of transnational R & D investment location factors from the conditions of the host country; R & D investment in the market, strategic positioning aspects to analyze impact of its R & D Investment bits select the factors; multinational companies in China's R & D investment area bit carried the analysis; multinational companies overseas R & D investment area bit layout of mimic the behavior concept.
[Key words] Multinational R & D investment location Select

Transnational R & D investment in two or more countries or regions by the government or corporate R & D main R & D investment activities, is an important part of the international investment. In recent years, with the development of world economic integration and technological globalization, R & D investment to occupy an increasingly important position in the international capital flows, to become an increasingly important part of international investment. Transnational R & D investment location choice of international direct investment location choice is very different, therefore, increasingly important Multinational R & D investment location choice.
Cross-border R & D investment is mainly divided into two areas, Pearce's First Multinational R & D of motivation research from their own point of view, mainly R & D decentralization and centralization theory, Kuemmerle technology development and technology growth theory, and Serapio's R & D auxiliary assets theory, etc.; Second, from the host country investment environment point of view to study transnational R & D investment in the area bit selection problem, that study transnational R & D investment in the gravitational problem, mainly there Dunning's international production and trade-offs theory, the theory of the level of economic development, as well as cross-border investment location OL or FL model.

From the conditions of the host country through empirical analysis to analyze the impact of transnational R & D investment location factors

CONTEMPORARY WORLD, Wan the Kinei, History, published by the Guardian in 2004, "On select multinational corporations to invest in the country", through empirical research, that the size of the host country FDI attracting multinational companies to R & D investment determinants. At the same time, the host country's gross domestic product (GDP), as well as the level of intellectual property protection impact of transnational R & D investment is also an important factor.
Du Debin "transnational R & D investment in the macro-location select" basically the same view held above perspectives, different places and above The paper also analyzes the host country's scientific and technological talents multinational R & D investment, think of the amount of scientific and technological personnel affect the important factors; Multinational R & D investment location choice and he also believes that communication facilities is the impact of the multinationals overseas R & D location choice.
Ang Lee's side in 2002 "multinational companies in the development of the host country's R & D investment model selection analysis by constructing a mathematical model of multinational companies in the development of the host country's R & D investment patterns concluded: Transnational Corporations in the host country, R & ; D investment and the market size of the host country, the level of technological development and intellectual property protection strength positive correlation; multinational companies in the host country's R & D investment is smaller, generally only applied R & D investment and protection of R & D investment When you reach a certain scale R & D in the host country, will perform the foundation type R & D investment.
Jianhua in 2004, "Multinational R & D investment in the intrinsic overseas R & D investment location choice" to do a more comprehensive summary: investment and market environment factors in the host country; host country's R & D resources and supply environment ; policy environment of the host country.
Tang Haiyan, Hu peak in 2007, "On the determinants of international R% D investment location choice" analysis of the overall investment environment in the host country's policy on R & D investment has played an important role, and pointed out that the effective operation of a national innovation system innovative R & D location is an important structural determinants;, only when the place of other more important determinants of government incentives, incentives will play a role.

Two market strategic positioning of the R & D investment from multinational companies to analyze its R & D investment location factors

Wang Jianhua, "multinational companies R & D investment trend of internationalization of the strategic choice" in 2002, summed up the multinational companies R & D investment close to its main production and sales market, its R & D investment location adaptability will consider the location adaptability, technology, and related economic institutions (such as suppliers, customers, and other institutions), location adaptability. Multinationals R & D investment more closely tied to the host source of innovation, innovation or innovation base, then its R & D investment target orientation is mostly in order to access and take advantage of the latest research and development information, R & D personnel, research and development conditions and R & D results technical innovation or technical reserves.
SHEN Yu-fang, Zhang Haiyan in 2003 "transnational R & D investment mechanism and the relationship of the R & D resources research has consistency with the above point of view, they think of transnational R & D investment location must be chosen according to multinational companies of different market strategic positioning and The distribution of R & D resources to make a decision. Transnational R & D is divided into three types: home market companies; the host markets; world market company.
Du Debin another article "transnational R & D investment location mode" summed up the three location choice model of transnational R & D investment: production support, technology to track or obtain type, resource-seeking. Third, the multinational companies in China's R & D investment location analysis

Li Jie in 2005, "Empirical Analysis of multinational companies in China R & D investment location" After the analysis, the impact of multinational companies in China R & D location decision factor analysis for the following four areas: (1) research and human resources. (2) The regional distribution of FDI in China. (3) the level of regional economic. (4) regional R & D investment environment.
Concluded that the relationship between R & D investment and productive investment Suyan Xiao, ECONOMY. Impacts in 2006 published "multinational companies in China R & D investment location: From a global perspective, multinational R & ; D investment is relatively concentrated areas are often also the areas with a large number of productive investment, both exhibit a high degree of consistency; From the Chinese point of view R & D investment and productive investment is not exactly the same, such as multinational corporations in set up R & D branches are concentrated in more than half of the direct investment of foreign-productive and not that much of Beijing, many more productive investment in areas such as Guangzhou, Suzhou, R & D investment.

Mimic the behavior of multinational companies overseas R & D investment location layout concept

Mimic the behavior view, Multinational R & D investment location layout process is incremental and path-dependent characteristics, can not be given a full explanation of multinational R & D institutions in different regions of concentrated use a standardized elements. On the contrary, the traditional resource endowment constraints as well as the need for interaction between resource elements due to telecommunications development and the high mobility of scientists and engineers are increasingly weakened.
Sun Yifei, Wen Ke mimic the behavior and multinational companies in China in 2006 R & D institutions in the location choice discussed the problem of excessive concentration in the domestic foreign-funded R & D institutions, traditional rational choice model can not explain the phenomenon of the excessive concentration of research selection model based on the location of R & D institutions imitate the behavior of multinational companies, that in addition to consider internal and external factors, should pay attention to the uncertainties and imitate the behavior of the R & D site.
In summary, the impact of the multinational companies R & D investment location factors from the host country and the multinationals own analysis. From the host country in terms of the economic factors of the host country, including the host country's gross domestic product (GDP), FDI investment scale, the host of R & D investment scale, communication facilities, the degree of internationalization of the industry, the competitive environment; technology development including scientific and technical personnel, research and development information R & D, research and development facilities, associated institutions and partners. From multinationals itself, the type of production support, technology to track or get the type, resource-seeking transnational R & D investment in three regional selection mode.

References:
[1] CONTEMPORARY WORLD, Wan Yan Wing, History of the Methodist. Between Transnational Corporation R & D investment in the country choose the China Foreign Economic Relations Forum, 2004, (1)
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