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China's Public Policy in the Context of a harmonious society input - output analysis

Author: YangZuo From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2010-03-08 22:54:09 Read:
Abstract: A harmonious society is the a reservation conflict symbiotic society, which requires the equalization of the social distribution of benefits. Thus, as the authoritative value allocation policy process of social relations should best balance the interests of appeal. However, our policy input in the interests of the expression system, decision support systems and decision-making of the central nervous system problem affecting policy output To this end, we need to improve these three systems, so that the policy output to meet the basic thrust of the harmonious society.
Key words: the harmonious social policy input policy output

Public Policy and our lives. As the the authoritative value assigned to a social program, with a particular form of restructuring, integration with social pattern of distribution of benefits established at all levels of society, the rules of the game in all areas of resource acquisition, from this sense, policy process is the process of distribution of benefits, it epitomizes the value of social order, different policy process gave birth to the different policy outcomes, and also reflects the degree of effectiveness of the various social interest demands, therefore, in promoting the building of a harmonious society study of the social context of public policy process has practical significance for the building of a harmonious society in China and even the whole political civilization, this paper interpreted as a point of departure the connotation of a harmonious society, the critical inheritance on the basis of the theoretical model of Western policy process, combined with the specific reality of the policy process in China, from the angle of the input - output analysis of the problems of our policy process mode, and puts forward countermeasures.

Ought state of a harmonious social and public policy input - output

In traditional Chinese culture, the idea of ??"harmony" is very rich. Dictionary ", the word" and "left" Wo "right" mouth ", interpreted as" corresponding "idea was the meaning of mutual joined in the chorus. The word "harmony" in the "Dictionary" in the original "Qi", from the flute are sound, refers to the music harmony, the idea was harmony, to reconcile the meaning. Thus, the meaning of harmony, care to reconcile. However, from a philosophical point of view, to reconcile that does not mean contradictory elimination as the ancient Greek philosopher Pythagoras believed: the nature of all things, is the opposite, but is due to the recognition of differences, confrontation and conflict harmony became the most important goal of the pursuit. Harmony is the order, but no matter what order the establishment of the above differences, therefore, stressed the harmony does not mean that there is no difference or deny the difference, but the difference reached to keep itself on the basis of a truly unified. China is currently in a society in transition, so that the interests of the main changes in the social structure of diversification trend intensified, due to the distribution of wealth, and the strengths and weaknesses of different social strata, makes the possession of resources is uneven, which will inevitably lead to social and cultural psychosocial estrangement and conflict, lead to social disharmony. Therefore, we want to build a harmonious society, is to retain the symbiotic state in the conflict, it means social contradictions equilibrium state under certain conditions, is easing state of social contradictions, all kinds of conflicts of interest under certain conditions, relatively static status.
From the point of view of information theory and systems theory, the system is composed of various interrelated variables when unbalanced development between the variables, the right major variable in its absolute dominance gained dominance into the system space, the system is input state, variable continuously in this state under the environmental elements of the same system, the exchange of a series of information, to obtain the value of an allowed and stable energy, when this value to obtain a feasible solution in the system within the scope of, the system. own corresponding results, which is the output of the system. However, the output of the system is not always balanced, a variable may have a plurality of corresponding values, a corresponding value of the plurality of variables may only reflect the degree of influence of a variable, so that the results of the output and the input requirements Correlation is worth the challenge when the correlation is not the description of the layout of the system data and decoding is unreasonable, then the system is in a chaotic and disordered state output results can not be so relevant variables in a relatively stationary state, they also need to constantly permutations and combinations, so that the output reached only equilibrium solution. Policy process, input - output process of the political system, the process of the allocation of public resources, more policy-relevant Fangli Yi game. In this process, the social interest demands constitute a policy input variables, in various permutations to fight for the recognition of the state into the policy window policy system identifiable, which is the process of the formation of the policy issues, after the formation of the problem, policy issues stakeholders mutual interests of the game, this process is a resource and energy dissipation process, and the interaction between them will eventually form a balanced state, the final output from the system, which is the establishment of a policy. Harmonious society is all social conflicts balanced symbiotic state under certain conditions, which requires digest conflict of interest policy in the policy process, energy dissipation competing interests, in order to achieve a stable state of order. In this sense, the essence of the process of harmonious social policy is the policy of the system input - output all forces in the game and eventually obtained a cooperative solution process.

Second, our current policy input - output Factual predicament

China's current multi-policy input body can be summed up into three systems: the interests of the expression system, constituted by the the policy stakeholders involved people can be individuals, group, in our country, this system roughly by the political parties, the government , citizens, non-governmental organizations, they have their own interest demands, a source of policy input; decision support system, which experts and scholars from all industries covered by the policy, is responsible for the discovery and diagnosis of the policy issues and policy forecasts and involved in specific policy options designed to assess; decision the central nervous system, which includes the national legislature, the executive, the judiciary as well as some political leaders figure they have a statutory decision-making powers, its basic function is to identify policy issues, identify policy goals and organization of the program design. These three system suitable process directly affect the output of the policy, and therefore, how to form a synergy between them on the policy process of building a harmonious society need to consider factors. Judging from the current situation, three within the system as well as system input - output between a series of difficulties, specifically manifested in the following:
Social divisions aggravated obvious conflict of interest, lack of interest expression system function. Harmonious society requires a harmonious policy, harmonious policies need to balance multiple conflicts of interest, and balance multiple interests conflict requires the strengthening of the function of the expression system of interest, which can be used to express the intensity of interest, dimension to represent. The expression of the intensity of interest refers to the degree of expression, that is, the extent to which reasonable expression of their own interests and demands; interest expression dimension refers to the angle and level of expression of interest, and that the manner in which to express their interests. Interest expression system as the starting point of the policy system input, its dimension and intensity of expression directly affect the output of the policy. China's traditional concept of the "rule of man" and willed acting style makes the expression of the role of interest have not been given sufficient attention, expression of interests within the institutional point of view from the dimension of interest expression channels to express content largely from efforts to look constrained by a variety of factors, the depth of expression is limited, and the expression of a narrow range of diverse interests and demands can not be confirmed and institutionalized solve this a direct result of the policy output can not be integrated to reflect the preferences of the various interest groups, making it difficult a balanced policy outcomes. The expert support functions, decision support system is easy to become a mere formality. Harmonious society, public policy, requirements can be balanced among various stakeholders, and the choice of policy options and planning to establish on the basis of full argument to consider the feasibility of the policy before the introduction of the policy, and the feasibility of both, including the feasibility of the operation value feasibility, which need to give full play to the decision demonstrated the role of experts and scholars, to the policy process output optimal policy. Our current "decision support system" many forms have anchored within all levels of government, the Policy Research, a government-funded Center for Policy Research, Colleges and Universities Policy Research Institute under the government-run or private policy advice company. However, despite these decision support systems to play the role of a "think tank", but to use their information processing advantages in the policy process, due to the current decision-making system is still "executive responsibility system", which means that the final output of the policy depends on the head decided, therefore, the policy output in fact, the degree of attention of policy-makers and the awareness of democracy depends largely on personal experience and capabilities of the decision-makers, policy consultation achievement depends on the extent to which the work.
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