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The definition of the people's economy and the nature of Glimpse

Author: ChenYue¡¡ZhangKuanZheng From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2009-10-04 19:19:22 Read:
[Abstract] improve the socialist market economic system should vigorously develop the economic government of the people; government of the people's economy under socialist conditions, civil use of economic resources have engaged in economic activities, to obtain the economic benefits of all economic forms; the nature of the people's economy Marx advocated the establishment of workers' personal ownership; the socialist reconstruction laborers individual ownership, and its essence is a recognition that all people have the human resources to enable all people to achieve employment.
[Key words] the people of the economy; private ownership; personal ownership

I. Introduction

Although there is no "government of the people economy" in the Marxist classics, but its essence Marx has been clearly articulated. Marx's "Das Kapital": the negation of the capitalist mode of production "is not re-establish private property, but on the basis of the capitalist era, that is, collaboration and production of land and produced by labor itself re-created on the basis of individual ownership. "Marx's thinking has long been misinterpreted, and both produce a variety of" leftist "ideology, but also the people of the economic theory of long-term research in a blank state. The good news is that in recent years the domestic scholars have put forth the concept of "government of the people economy", began the study of the people of economic theory. Author of the economic theory of the people there are spirits, occasional Discussion newspapers. This paper attempts to use the basic principles of Marxism reveals the definition and nature of the government of the people's economy.

Second, the people's economic definition

The people's economy is under socialist conditions, citizens engaged in economic activities, the use of legally owned economic resources to obtain economic benefits of all economic forms.
So defined by the people of the economy, its basic characteristics can be summarized as follows: (I) the people mainstay of the economy is a citizen. Citizens are not the people, the citizens have the capacity for civil rights, to enjoy civil legal relations subject qualification, which means that citizens can become economic entities. Under the conditions of the socialist market economy, any citizen can use their legally owned by economic resources to engage in economic activity, then any citizen can become the main body of the people of the economy. (2) the people of economic citizens "with" economic resources as economically inactive basic conditions. That is to say, the government of the people's economy is not entirely to economic resources all citizens as a precondition, but citizens have economic resources in accordance with the law as a precondition. "Is different from" all ", but contains" all ", that has self-property rights and his property. (3) The operating results of the people of the economy belongs to the citizens enjoy. Any form of economic output attribution, the people's economy as an economic form, its essence is to identify: citizens, the use of economic resources have engaged in economic activities for the economic benefit of the citizens all. (4) the people of economic business risk borne by the citizens. Similarly, any form of economic operators who will bear the risk. The people of the socialist economy is different from the traditional public ownership economy, it is based on the recognition of each worker ownership of their human resources as a precondition. Hire workers under the capitalist system was called proletarians, because of the loss of this part of the workers on the ownership of the labor force. ...... Socialism established after the victory of the proletarian revolution, the property rights of the workers in human capital should be established. Labor the labor ownership of fully realized, the proletarians into haves ...... labor property restitution to laborers, workers have the survival and development of the least 'capital', should be the embodiment of the superiority of the socialist system. "However, the traditional socialism is not the target on the establishment of workers for labor ownership above, but focused more on centralized rule above, this is a great dislocation of the target."

Third, the nature of the economy of the people

The nature of the people's economy is Marx in "Das Kapital", want to rebuild after the overthrow of the capitalist private ownership "workers' personal ownership." From the capitalist mode of production, the capitalist mode of appropriation, which capitalist private ownership, private ownership of individuals, based on their labor first negative due to the inevitability of the natural process of capitalist production, caused damage to the own negation, which is the negation of the negation of this negation is not re-establish private ownership, but on the basis of the achievements of the capitalist era, that is, collaboration and common land and production produced by labor itself occupies based on the re-establishment of individual ownership. "In 1875, Marx personally revised French version of" Das Kapital "and added: workers of private ownership existed in the history of capitalist private ownership denied; socialist reconstruction , not "private ownership of workers", but "workers' personal ownership.
1, private ownership of the "workers" and "workers' personal ownership difference. From Marx above discussion, we can clearly recognize the difference between two kinds of ownership: first, the difference between the two is the difference between the historical first. Private ownership of the workers there before the capitalist society is capitalist private ownership negative; workers' personal ownership "exist in capitalist society after the negation of capitalist private ownership ownership. In the "Communist Manifesto" of Marx and Engels pointed out that the private ownership of former workers in bourgeois property "do not need to destroy the development of industrial capitalism has it eliminated", "communism is not the abolition of the general ownership, but the abolition of bourgeois property. "" Communism does not deprive anyone share the power of the social product, it is only deprived of the use of the appropriation power to enslave the labor of others. "Second, they are different in nature ownership. "Private ownership of the means of workers" is a kind of private ownership, workers' personal ownership "is associated with a certain amount of resources (production) public ownership. Marx said that "private ownership of the means of workers" is based on personal labor that workers "based on the private ownership of their own labor", and "personal ownership" of the workers "on the basis of the achievements of the capitalist era, collaboration and common possession of the land and of production produced by labor itself on the basis of "a new type of ownership.
This new type of ownership is exactly what kind of ownership, since the reform and opening up, China's economic theory community issues heated discussion, the formation of two different understanding: an understanding that envisaged by Marx Labor the personal ownership "based on public ownership of the means of production, workers all object based on subsistence is limited. Another way to think that envisaged by Marx "personal ownership" of the workers is not based on empty "public ownership", but to the individuals of the means of production for the actual content, therefore, instead of capitalist private ownership workers' personal ownership "is that everyone, in fact, occupies a production," Rebuilding Individual Ownership is the reconstruction of production of individual ownership. Two kinds of understanding has their own reasons. Rebuilding Individual Ownership is to rebuild the production of personal ownership for two reasons: First, ownership is the ownership of the means of production, has always been thought of Marx, the subsistence, it is only allocated objects subsistence possession is different from the means of production possession of the means of subsistence simply allocated and there is no need to establish ownership. Second, the relationship between the public ownership of the means of production and workers' personal ownership is generally associated with the individual relationship, "Normal" is the abstract empty "individual" is a specific fact. Third, the practice of the socialist economy show that there is no the workers actual possession of the means of production, public ownership is not the the specific actual content of the legal concept of; For the workers to truly become the subject of labor, and make their work enthusiasm into full play, creative of them uncovered, you must create personal ownership of the production. I believe that there are some defects in two kinds of understanding. Practice tells us: reconstruction under socialist conditions, the so-called "workers' personal ownership" is neither a reconstruction of personal ownership of the production, it will not be confined to subsistence within the system, but parts of a government of the people, that some resources belong to the citizens All system. The reasons are as follows:
First, replacing capitalism with socialism is no capitalist private ownership as a precondition from the capitalists "used" (ie, the deprivation of deprivation ") property and means of production are absolutely can not be directly allocated to the workers, regardless of these workers in the course of history to overthrow the capitalist system, how much credit, if you do that, it is not a socialist revolution, but not to establish a socialist system, but replacement of capitalism with capitalism, even with capital doctrine backward social system to replace the capitalist system, the result would be social wheel of history backwards. If you do that, the revolution of the proletariat, just as the peasant revolution in the feudal society. Feudal society peasant revolutionaries in victory, will directly become landlords, bureaucrats, or the emperor. Replacing capitalism with socialism, first established socialist public ownership of the means of production, which is the intention of Marxism. As for the establishment of the socialist public ownership of the means of production, the economic system of society should also how to develop, then what kind of features development, Marx did not utopian, but the use of the method of historical materialism to put forward a concrete idea, which is: The first phase of the communist socialist social reconstruction "personal ownership" of the workers, the implementation of distribution according to work, and the implementation of the no ownership under the conditions of each according to his ability, to each according to his demand assignment at a more advanced stage.
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