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Tangshan City, relying on the port to promote industrial structure optimization analysis

Author: ZuoJiYing¡¡GaoJing From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2009-05-20 17:39:57 Read:
[Abstract] port economic development, help to promote the optimization and upgrading of the urban industrial structure. Learn the basis of the research results and practical experience, analysis of the situation and the existing problems of the industrial structure, Tangshan City. Tangshan City, how to utilize the advantages of the port has to promote industrial structure optimization, practical policy recommendations.
[Keywords] port Tangshan industrial structure optimization

"Progress of Hong Kong Xingcheng, Port Xingcheng, Port City with Kong City Hing, Sunshine City phase long bad rong Freemasonry", is the universal law of the worldwide development of the port and the port city of evolution. The one hand, it reveals the Sunshine City relationship changes, on the other hand reflects the mechanism of the interaction of the Sunshine City relationship. Left the harbor and the city with the development of port industries will face serious challenges. Plays a huge role in promoting the development of the port, to the unique nature of the industry and the multi-functional role, in which the city's economic development to upgrade plays an important role in promoting the optimization of the industrial structure in the hinterland.

First, the research status

Modern research on the problem of the relationship between the port and the city began in the 1960s (Pearson, 1964). Western research on the relationship between the port and the city, can be summed up in two aspects: on the one hand is the port development on the urban economy; hand, the development of the mutual relations of the harbor and city space. Western scholars tend to analyze the various direct and indirect economic effects generated by the related activities of the city for a particular port, which provide the basis for the relevant port management decisions. Port the role of the city's economic development is often significantly, which is reflected in a number of indicators to create jobs, pay tax.
From a domestic perspective, many of the urban geography scholars from different angles on the Sunshine City relationship research, representatives Huangsheng Zhang, Service Building, Luo positive Qi, Zheng Hongyi, Yuemin, Yifei. Huaying (2004) focused on the Law of evolution and optimization of industrial structure in the port city of in-depth study, many aspects of the port city as a socio-economic cross overlap geographically complex relationship to study and try to draw some practical significance conclusion. Quantitative analysis SUN Gui-ping (2006), for example, to Qinhuangdao, Qinhuangdao City Economic Interaction relations, summed up the characteristics of of Qinhuangdao City Economic interactive relationship, determine its stage, and on the promotion of Qinhuangdao Point City relationship evolution of policy recommendations to verify the Betterment of Hong Kong Xingcheng, view to Port Xingcheng ". Luo Ping (2006) discusses the trend of China's port city of interactive development, analysis of the historical evolution of the relationship between the two. Chenyun Yun (2007) ports and port cities as the main object of the research, conducted a study of the interaction and mutual promotion of the development of relations between the two, Dalian and Dalian Port, ports and urban industrial The relationship between the structure.
Throughout the development of the national economy at home and abroad, we can see the port to adjust the industrial structure of the region an important force. Port as the point of integration of the goods by sea and overland transport of goods, has the unique advantages of the use of external resources to the development of the local economy. Economic development can not be separated from the resources, the spatial distribution of the imbalance of resources. Thus, the modern port for the city to participate in the global competition to provide a high-speed and convenient channel to reduce the transaction costs in the regional economic development.
First, the development of the port is part of the economic development of the regional industry, whether it is new construction, expansion, renovation, or repair, require the input of manpower, material and financial resources, and also increase the gross domestic product and national income, and provide a large number of employment opportunities, be turned over to the state and local tax.
Secondly, transport, industry, commerce, and other functions of the port where the area provides a wide range of services such as handling, storage, berth, that the so-called former to Contact (Forward linkage effect). Such as the port of Antwerp in 1991 on port services (shipping agency, freight forwarding, handling, shipping, import and export trade, etc.), user enterprises (refining, chemicals, ship repair, car, etc.), public relations departments (National City, railways, etc.) three aspects an increase of $ 206.8 billion in direct economic benefits created than Lang, job creation a population of 6.6 million people.
Again, the port itself consume the products and services provided by the different industries of the area, so as to promote the economic development of the regional industrial port of indirect value-added direct value-added (Regional), namely the so-called backward linkage effect (Backward linkage effect ). Port to promote Area, especially in urban areas, the value-added of the tertiary industry. Every 10 tons of container throughput of the port of Hamburg, indirectly rely on the employment of the port amounted to 328.7.
Port so that a variety of resources to concentrate to the port vicinity, the effect of concentration so that the related industrial chain, thus contributing to the urban industrial structure upgrade. The use of the port to promote the optimization and upgrading of the urban industrial structure in line with the law of the development of the port city.

Second, Tangshan City Industrial Structure

Regional industrial structure is changing with economic growth, its evolution constitutes an important part of the regional economy and development of the national economy, is one of the key factors affecting the quality and efficiency of economic. Tangshan is a centuries-old coastal city is also the birthplace of China's modern industry. In the process of industrial civilization, Tangshan was the birth of China's first mechanized mine, the first standard gauge railway, the first steam locomotive, the first bucket mechanism cement and sanitary ceramics, known as "China Modern the cradle of the industrial "and" Northern porcelain capital. " Especially 30 years after the earthquake, Tangshan social economy has made considerable progress, has become the country's major energy and raw material industrial base. Rich in natural resources such as coal, petroleum, iron ore, crude salt, industrial area supporting ability, suitable for large-scale, high-density development of modern heavy and chemical industries.
At present, the in four sea mouth Hebei, Tangshan has Jingtang Port and Caofeidian Port, Tangshan City, the industrial structure has long presented inland characteristics, distribution space on a hillside, metallurgy, medicine, building materials, chemical, industrial system, machinery, textile, food is the main advantage of industry lack of coastal Features, not formed with the interactive port economic development of the industrial structure system. 1, low overall level of industrial structure
The world industry economic history: the evolution of industrial structure is a process from low to high progressive. Development stage of industrialization law is as follows: in the early stage of industrialization, social and economic dependence of the secondary industry rose rapidly, the dependence of the tertiary industry rose slowly; slow decline in the middle of industrialization, the social and economic dependence of the secondary industry, the dependence of the tertiary industry rose rapidly, similar social and economic dependence of the secondary industry and tertiary industry; highest late industrialization, socio-economic dependence of the tertiary industry. The tertiary industry accounted for a proportion of GNP world average of about 50%, is 60% to 70% in developed countries, developing countries are also more than 40%. As shown in the Table 1 data, Tangshan City is in the middle of industrialization, the structure of output and investment and human structure of three industries are the main secondary industry "rigid structure", compared to the penetration of the tertiary industry Tangshan economic is low. The Tangshan City industrial structure contradictions.

2, the industrial structure is relatively concentrated, growth pole single
In 2007, large-scale industrial, above-scale industries accounted for three rows, ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry (steel industry), non-metallic mineral products (cement, ceramics), coal mining and washing industry, 57.81%, which accounted for 46.97% of the ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry (steel industry). Same as Tangshan City, focusing on the development of the equipment manufacturing industry (GM, dedicated, and transportation equipment manufacturing, etc.) and chemical industry (chemical raw materials and chemical products manufacturing, etc.) the added value accounted for 3.8% and 2.4% of the GDP. This too concentrated industrial structure of the Tangshan City Economic Development Department in a handful of industries, in particular the development of the steel industry, so that the industrial growth pole single regional economic development coordination is poor, the risk is higher.
3, the tertiary industry internal development unreasonable
Services internal structure, the dominant position in traditional service industries, modern and emerging service industry. In 2007, the two traditions of transportation, warehousing, postal services and wholesale, retail, trade, catering service industry respectively 32.54% and 26.44%, while the financial sector (including banking, securities, insurance and other financial activities) real estate only 7.4% and 5.85% respectively. Port logistics, financial, and trade around the port economic development of tertiary industry is still lagging behind.
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