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Multinational investment in China spillovers and coping strategies

Author: Meng¡¡Tao From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2009-04-02 19:14:02 Read:
Abstract: The acceleration of economic globalization trend, in order to maintain and expand their technical superiority, multinational corporations have increased their R & D efforts to move overseas, the widespread implementation of the globalization of technology development strategy. Multinational companies in China R & D did not produce sufficient technical "spillover effect" Therefore, China should continue to promote multinational corporations to set up R & D institutions to take effective measures to make the technology research and development "spillover effect" be fully tapped.
Keywords: multinational corporations; spillover effects; countermeasures

Multinational investment in China spillovers mechanism

The generation mechanism of the spillover effects of multinational investment in China can be summarized as the demonstration effect, competition effect and human resources spillover effects.
(A) demonstration effect
Multinational R & D institutions to enter China's industry-specific R & D institutions advanced technology, advanced management methods, transfer channels, local enterprises in China imitation and learning, development of local enterprises in China. the the demonstration effect.
(B) the effects of competition
Multinational investment enterprises due to the technical support of its R & D institutions, which constitute a strong competition on China's market, formed a strong competitive pressures in the industry, in order to maintain their market share and the opportunity to fight for the survival and development of local enterprises generally will try to to take a a variety of of measures to possible, to improve the operating efficiency, in order to in the competition to achieve the development of.
(C) human resources spillover effects
Will generally of the R & D institutions of transnational corporations on its an employee of local community carried out multifaceted, multi levels of training, and provide them with be able to to to display their the space of only after this will its really, these to equip our staff with a of the advanced technology of multinational companies, management methods and the commercialization of philosophy, so that these talent intellectual capital have been greatly value-added, if one leaves to go to other companies or research institutions, will greatly promote the technological innovation of local enterprises in China.

Second, the factors restricting the technology spillover effect on multinational R & D institutions

At present, multinational companies in R & D institutions, technology spillover process, the following three constraints affecting the effect of the spillover effect.
The the factors that
of the (a) of the affect the demonstration effect
The one hand, multinational companies to take every precaution to protect its core technology, control technology outflow to maintain its monopoly advantage in the development of our country. Retain the core R & D in the home country at the same time, multinational companies in China more than a majority stake or wholly-owned set up its R & D institutions, in order to reduce contact with local enterprises in China, from the point of view of property rights system to avoid spillover. Multinational R & D institutions through technical internal transfer of technology lock-in method, from a management point of control in the technology spillover. For When the when the advent of of the of transnational corporations in order to the the identity of of the wholly-owned enterprises, the the technology transfer is mainly the internal of in the multinational companies parent and subsidiary companies, while the the the enterprises and employees of the the Chinese side's there is no the opportunity to contact with and learning to include foreign-advanced technology and management experience, in which in this way in the the determines the in the a a certain extent on the the The with local or the domestic manufacturers is unable to integrate into to the in the the the the technical system of transnational corporations.
On the other hand, China's R & D strength is limited, can not effectively absorb the overflow multinational technology R & D institutions in China. Enterprises in developing countries choose the absorption and utilization of scientific and technological knowledge, capacity, mainly depends on innovative technology similar studies. The overall technological level of China's industrial backwardness, some of the more advanced technology only developed countries, the level of the 1980s. China's local enterprises in their own accumulated technology, research and development capabilities, resulting in weak corporate learning and absorptive capacity. The vast majority of enterprises are the the yet to establish a in order to the research and development of to promote in production and operation in the internal mechanism of, enterprise independent fewer research and development of.
(B) affect the competitive effects of the factors
China's local enterprises yet constitute a substantial competition, thus affecting the competitive effect of the play. For the local enterprises in terms of, in the face of the the impact brought about by the by the multinational corporations in China R & D investment, the some enterprises would be invited to even if the enterprise has a the market are good prospects for of the R & D projects and a strong the autonomy of Advantech engine also not proceed the risk is high, bear fruit the slow R & D activities. With the rapid development of the information technology revolution, multinational corporations in order to establish a global R & D network as soon as possible, its investment in China began to gradually transition to a cross-border mergers and acquisitions. Through cross-border mergers and acquisitions, multinational R & D institutions to obtain control of the original institutions, either investment company in China to obtain local R & D resources, but also can reduce the potential competitors in our help so, so as to achieve monopoly of multinational companies in the Chinese market purposes. (C) the impact of the factors of human resources spillover effects
Multinational companies in China R & D institutions and our local R & D institutions and enterprises, treatment and research conditions has obvious advantages, in order to attract a large number of domestic universities and research institutions of key personnel. Into the multinational R & D institutions rarely return to the original enterprises, especially state-owned enterprises, so as to form a one-way flow of domestic talents to the multinational R & D institutions. Of the a one-way flow of of the personnel, so that these scientific research personnel to in the the of the technology and management experience to the by of Transnational Corporation 's R & D institutions Secondary School not be able to for the local enterprises used in, lead to that the by the Human Resources flows arising in technology or spillover effects is difficult to to play a role.

, The multinational technology R & D spillovers play recommendations

Multinational R & D institutions, technology spillovers are not automatic, China should develop appropriate countermeasures to effectively expand the spillover effects.
(A) attract multinational corporations to set up R & D institutions in China
Efforts to attract foreign R & D institutions, to ensure that there is enough to draw upon the technical and managerial experience stationed in the country. China to attract foreign investment in research and development to do the work of two aspects: First, we must strengthen the construction of infrastructure and intellectual property protection efforts, standardize and optimize China's market environment. Second, we should develop a targeted incentives.
(B) to promote full access to domestic enterprises and multinational R & D institutions
Multinational corporations in China to set up R & D institutions is the R & D to adapt to the products of the of China's market, as enterprise of its investment in China to expand market share service. Multinational R & D and manufacturing in its internal self-contained, along with reduced contact with the relevant departments in China. China should take appropriate measures to promote local enterprises and their full establishment of contact.
First of all, in the the geographically to achieve close to, to promote technology overflow. In response to a Multinational Corporation 's Overseas R & D institutions is used more often than the the problem of the wholly-owned the form of, should be play to the policy the guiding role of to, select the the the place of suitable of the conditions, in accordance with the the characteristics of of the a Multinational Corporation' s Overseas R & D institutions set up R & D Park,, the formation of to has a the the R & D clusters of the all the level of the world, and to encourage domestic enterprises to to the these The Development Zone, aggregation, the to make it with the the on Multinational Corporation 's to to achieve a more a wide range of contact Corporations, thereby so that the "overflow effect" through various channels play out.
Secondly, to seek cooperation in research and development initiative, shorten the communication distance and guide local enterprises and research institutions to cooperate with multinational companies to promote the basic technology, technical information exchanges between R & D institutions.
(C) to strengthen China's enterprises the capability of independent R & D
Enhanced R & D capabilities of local enterprises, improve the capacity of national scientific and technological innovation, China's long-term goals, but also improve an effective means of spillover effects.
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