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Rural Human Resources Development in the Perspective of New Countryside

Author: ZuoKaiHe””WangYangMing From: www.yourpaper.net Posted: 2009-03-31 14:08:53 Read:
[Abstract] key of the new rural construction is to cultivate new farmers. Has important practical significance to speed up the development of human resources in rural areas to promote the new rural construction, a correct understanding of the current situation of human resource development in rural areas, adhere to the people-oriented, the implementation of the scientific concept of development, the implementation of human resource development in rural areas put forward the theory and practice of thinking.
[Key words] new rural construction in rural areas of human resources in rural education
Modern farmers are the subject of building a new countryside, building a new socialist countryside, efforts to strengthen the capacity building of human resources in rural areas, the training educated, skilled, will operate the new farmers, improve the overall quality of modern farmers to speed up the adjustment of agricultural structure promote the industrialization of agriculture, rural urbanization and new industrialization process, to lay a solid foundation for building a moderately prosperous society and building a harmonious society.

, Human resource development in rural areas of practical significance to promote the building of a new socialist countryside

Building a new socialist countryside is to adhere to the people-oriented, to implement the scientific concept of development, building a harmonious society inevitable choice. To achieve the strategic objectives of the new socialist countryside construction, and give full play the main role of farmers, we must accelerate the development of human resources in rural areas.
Urban and rural development, and narrowing the gap between urban and rural areas, the need to speed up the development of rural human resources
The purpose of the new rural construction is to further narrow the gap between urban and rural areas, to narrow the gap between urban and rural areas, we must first narrow the income gap between urban and rural areas, the core is to improve the income of the farmers through the development of the rural economy. The farmers' main source of income is agriculture and non-agricultural industries. Non-agricultural income has gradually become an important driving force for the growth of farmers' income. Increase the income of the farmers, in the context of the same land resources, limited capital investment, labor input of diminishing marginal returns, by increasing investment in human capital, a steady increase in operating income of farm families to get more non-agricultural income.
2 to accelerate China's rural economic and social transformation and sustainable pace of development of human resources in rural areas, need to fully explore the potential
New rural construction need to coordinate economic, cultural, political and social construction, the first is the development of economic construction, the goal is to achieve stable economic growth, the modern theory of economic growth: investment in human capital is sustained economic growth endogenous factors, knowledge and Human capital is the main source and determinants that promote the continued growth of the modern economy. Must fully tap the enormous potential of human resources in rural areas, relying on high-quality human capital in rural areas steadily promote the new rural construction, speed up the process of sustainable development in rural areas.
Implementation of rejuvenating the country through science and education with this strategy, nurture new farmers need to accelerate the development of human resources in rural areas
New rural construction requires the active participation of new farmers, regardless of public infrastructure in rural areas, or rural environment improvement, cultivate new industries, industrial management of agriculture, rural management reform, we need educated and skilled, will operate " new farmers fully engaged. Nurture new farmers, through investment in human capital in rural areas, the potential to accelerate the development of rural human resources, to achieve the strategic objectives of the new rural construction.
Rural surplus labor force orderly transfer of the stock of human resources in rural areas, need to be fully developed to improve the quality of human resource development in rural areas
In the new rural construction, an unavoidable problem is how to transfer a large number of rural surplus labor force, China's huge population burden into advantages in human resources, that is a social problem, but also an economic issue, it is a major political issue . Must be fully digest the stock of rural surplus labor force, limiting the increment of the rural labor force. Local governments at all levels should take effective measures to adjust the economic structure, industrial structure, regional development, to speed up the transfer of rural labor to non-agricultural industries, to achieve the goal of human resource development in rural areas.

Second, the current Rural Human Resources Development Analysis

Rural total labor supply, the existing labor force of about 7.4 million, of which nearly 500 million rural labor surplus labor force of nearly 200 million. The total amount of human resources in rural areas is growing faster tremendous potential for development.
A huge number of human resources in rural areas, a large number of rural surplus labor force
China is a country with a large population, is also a large agricultural country, 70% of the population live in rural areas, the rural labor force age population of about 400 million, of which nearly 2 million surplus labor. China's population is again a growth rate of about 13 million per year, mostly in rural areas. With the rural areas, promotion of agricultural modernization and China's accession to the WTO, China in the future will be a net increase of 600 million to 700 million or more per year of surplus labor. Bound to form a huge pressure on social employment, rural farmland, ecological and environmental protection, and will be a huge obstacle to China's rural economic and social development and new rural construction.
(2) of the Education and Culture of the rural labor force, the quality of science and technology is not high
China's farmers, the average years of schooling of 6.8 years, in the less developed regions, the situation is even worse. The average education level of developed countries, the agricultural labor force in the late 1980s for 11 years, has more than 12 years. In the coming years, if the index of the degree of peasant culture continues to grow at a speed of 0.16 years, to 2010, in order to achieve the level of junior high school graduates, in order to achieve the level of developed countries in the late 1980s to 2050.
3. Serious shortage of funding for rural education and human resources
Inadequate investment and social needs huge restricting the overall advancement of the principal contradiction in China's compulsory education in rural areas, is also China's human resources in rural areas can not get effective development and utilization of the main factors. Since the 1980s, the rapid development of China's rural education, but still lags behind the economic and social development in urban and rural areas, concentrated reflection of the proportion of GDP, public expenditure on education in our long hovering at 2.5% to 3%, 4% lower than in developing countries average. Countermeasures to speed up China's rural human resources development, to achieve the strategic objectives of the new socialist countryside construction

Building a moderately prosperous society and building a harmonious society, and promote the sustainable development of the rural economy and society in China, optimize the allocation of human resources in rural areas, build with Chinese characteristics of the rural human resources development system, speed up the development of China's rural economy and society by leaps and bounds, the new socialist countryside The construction of the strategic objectives.
1. Scientific development of China's rural human resources development, strategic planning, and actively and steadily push forward the transfer of rural surplus labor force to speed up the modernization of China's agriculture, rural areas and farmers, the construction of a new socialist countryside target
Has a very important significance to speed up the transfer of rural labor to non-agricultural industries, to achieve the optimal allocation of human resources in rural areas, and rural well-off goal of building on the promotion of rural urbanization, intensive management of land and the process of agricultural industrialization, promote agricultural and rural modernization . To speed up the construction of small towns in rural areas, driven by the rapid growth of the rural economy and farmers' income, more large-scale transfer of rural surplus labor force, and is conducive to expanding domestic demand and promote sound and rapid development of the national economy. Accelerate the pace of new-type industrialization, create new employment opportunities for the rural surplus labor force, as well as the development of human resources in rural areas to provide a strong material guarantee urbanization, and constantly enhance the absorptive capacity of our country is characterized by industrialization ahead of urbanization, has restricted the economic and social development. Promote agricultural industrialization, and actively promote the industrialized operation of agriculture, the full implementation of the strategy of developing agriculture through science and technology, the implementation of the industrial management of agriculture is to deepen the reform of the rural economic system, to solve the rural surplus labor and human resource development an important breakthrough. Foster rural labor market, strengthen management, innovative mechanisms, optimization services, rural human resources development and utilization of the system and mechanism of protection.
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